Interstate 295 Virginia

Interstate 295 Virginia
History
North End
South End

Overview

Interstate 295 constitutes a regional bypass route for I-64 around the north side of Richmond and I-95 east of Petersburg and Richmond. With six to eight lanes, the northern arc of I-295 serves a number of suburban communities including Glen Allen and Mechanicsville. The eastern leg connects with U.S. 60 and Virginia Route 895 (Pocahontas Parkway) west to Richmond International Airport (RIC).

The Varina-Enon Bridge spans the James River along I-295 at the Chesterfield / Henrico County line. Costing $35.6 million to build,1 the cable-stayed bridge is similar to the William Roth Bridge (Delaware State Route 1) over the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal and the Sunshine Skyway Bridge (Interstate 275) over Tampa Bay in Florida. South across the Appomattox River, I-295 travels between the independent city of Hopewell and Fort Lee. The freeway concludes in a rural area by Second Swamp south of Petersburg.

I-64 east at I-295 - Short Pump, VA

Interstate 64 eastbound at the flyover for I-295 east. Costing $49.1 million, the high speed ramp was completed in May 2009. Photo by Will Weaver (06/28/09).

History

The Interstate 295 corridor was originally envisioned as a full beltway encircling Richmond. The design was later incorporated into a proposed easterly realignment of I-95 off the congested Richmond-Peterburg Turnpike. Plans changed with the announcement that tolls on the Turnpike would be lifted in 1992. The American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) formally endorsed the establishment of Interstate 295 south to Peterburg on June 9, 1986.

The northern portion of Interstate 295 opened to traffic in 1981 at a cost of $60 million, with the federal government funding 90% of the construction.2 Work on the initial stretch of freeway commenced in May 1976 near Mechanicsville.3 Construction of the $37.7 million segment between U.S. 60 and SR 5, east of Richmond, began in July of 1984 and was completed on October 7, 1988.4

The succeeding portion of I-295 built included the Varina-Enon Bridge and a 6.8 mile section between SR 10 and SR 5. Started in March 1985, delays in road work followed a construction flaw where the Henrico County end of the Varina-Enon Bridge was four inches too low and needed adjustments. That pushed completion of the the $75 million project back from an anticipated Fall 1989 completion date. The span finally opened to traffic on July 19, 1990.1

Interstate 295 was extended 5.6 miles southward from SR 10 to SR 36 when a $57.7 million project was completed on January 21, 1992.5 The final 9.8-mile section was scheduled to open on June 3, but officials from Petersburg successfully lobbied to delay it while tolls were still collected along Interstate 95 in the city. I-295 finally opened between Hopewell and I-95 in Prince Georges County on June 25, 1992. Tolls along the Richmond-Petersburg Turnpike were discontinued on July 1, 1992.6

I-64 east at I-295 - Short Pump, VA

Looking east from the Pouncey Tract Road overpass at the flyover connecting I-64 east with Interstate 295 south at Short Pump. Photo by Will Weaver (01/13/09).

Route Information

  • North End – Short Pump, VA

  • South End – Petersburg, VA

  • Mileage – 52.56

  • Cities – Petersburg, Hopewell, Richmond

  • JunctionsI-95 I-64

Source: December 31, 2018 Interstate Route Log and Finders List

I-295 Annual Average Daily Traffic (AADT)

Richmond, VA area - 1971 Map

Interstate 295 proposed as a 270 degree beltway around Richmond – 1971 Virginia Official State Map. Pocahontas Parkway (SR 895) was eventually constructed in place of the southeast leg of I-295 here.

I-295 south at I-64 - Henrico Co., VA
I-295 south at the collector distributor roadway for the cloverleaf interchanges with Interstate 64 and U.S. 60 east of Richmond. Photo by Will Weaver (06/06/09).

A flyover for Interstate 64 east from the southbound mainline of I-295 was added at this exchange in June 2001.

I-295 south at I-64 - Henrico Co., VA

These overheads at the SR 629 (Rives Road) overpass referenced the former lane drop for I-95 south at the merge with Interstate 295. 08/26/96

Highway Guides

North End I-64 – Short Pump, Virginia

I-295 North at I-64

I-295 north at I-64 - Wyndham, VA

Interstate 295 arcs southwest 1.5 miles from the cloverleaf interchange (Exit 51) with Nuckols Road near Wyndham to conclude at I-64. 12/30/20

I-295 north at I-64 - Short Pump, VA

A pair of end signs stand along Interstate 295 one mile ahead of the trumpet interchange (Exit 53) with I-64. 12/30/20

I-295 north at I-64 - Short Pump, VA

Interstate 295 runs between several subdivisions in the unincorporated area of Innsbrook, Short Pump and Wyndham to I-64 at Exit 53. 12/30/20

I-295 north at I-64 - Short Pump, VA

Exit 53A leaves I-295 northbound for Interstate 64 west to Charlottesville and Virginia Route 288 south to Midlothian. 12/30/20

I-295 north at I-64 - Short Pump, VA

Exit 53B follows a dual lane drop ahead of a roadway stub at the southbound end of Interstate 295. 12/30/20

I-295 north at I-64 - Short Pump, VA

Interstate 64 east connects with U.S. 250 nearby at Short Pump. 12/30/20

I-64 East at I-295

I-64 east at I-295 - Short Pump, VA

Traveling east from SR 288 and the Goochland County line, Interstate 64 progresses 1.5 miles to Exit 177 with I-295 southbound. 12/16/16

I-64 east at I-295 - Short Pump, VA

Construction from 2006 to May 2009 added a two lane flyover (Exit 177) for I-295 southbound from I-64 east. Work also added a third eastbound lane for I-64 and removed the loop ramp and overpass formerly linking with I-295. Photo by Will Weaver (06/28/09).

I-64 east at I-295 - Short Pump, VA

A fourth lane opens ahead of the Pouncey Tract Road overpass and Exit 177. Interstate 295 provides a long distance bypass for I-64 eastbound destinations such as Williamsburg and Virginia Beach. Photo by Will Weaver (06/28/09).

I-64 east at I-295 - Short Pump, VA

Exit 177 departs Interstate 64 east for I-295. Interstate 295 connects with I-95 north to Fredericksburg and Washington, DC in ten miles. Photo by Will Weaver (06/28/09).

I-64 West at I-295

I-64 west at I-295 - Innsbrook, VA

Westbound I-64 crosses the retail strip along U.S. 250 (Broad Street) at Short Pump 0.75 miles ahead of Interstate 295 at Exit 177. Photo by Will Weaver (06/28/09).

I-64 west at I-295 - Innsbrook, VA

An auxiliary lane was added to westbound Interstate 64 from U.S. 250 (Broad Street) to I-295 south in 2009. 12/16/16

I-64 west at I-295 - Innsbrook, VA

Exit 177 for I-295 leading east toward Glen Allen was expanded to two lanes in 2009. I-64 heads 56 miles west to Charlottesville. 12/16/16

I-295North End Throwback

I-295 north at I-64 - 2005

06/17/05

I-295 north at I-64 - 2009

These overheads were replaced by 2014 with a new sign bridge added a half mile ahead of Exit 53A. The sign for Exit 53A however still references a quarter mile to I-64 west. Photo by Will Weaver (05/31/09).

I-295 north at I-64 - 2009

Photo by Will Weaver (05/31/09).

I-295 north at I-64 - 2009

Photo by Will Weaver (05/31/09).

South End I-95 – Petersburg, Virginia

I-295 South at I-95

I-295 south at I-95 - Petersburg, VA

Heading south from U.S. 460, Interstate 295 navigates through a broad S-curve by Hanzik Pond to I-95. 01/04/19

I-295 south at I-95 - Petersburg, VA

Exit 1 leads motorists back north into Petersburg, where Interstate 95 connects with I-85 south to Durham, North Carolina. 01/04/19

I-295 south at I-95 - Petersburg, VA

Traffic along I-295 continues another 0.75 miles beyond Exit 1 to merge with the inside lanes of Interstate 95 southbound. 01/04/19

I-295 south at I-95 - Petersburg, VA

Interstate 95 travels 36 miles south from I-295 to U.S. 58 in Emporia. Drivers taking Exit 1 will reach Interstate 85 south in 4.7 miles. 01/04/19

I-95 North at I-295

I-95 north at I-295 - Petersburg, VA

The first sign for Interstate 295 north (Exit 46) precedes the modified diamond interchange (Exit 46) with U.S. 301. U.S. 301 shifts to the west side of I-95 leading into Petersburg. 12/21/18

I-95 north at I-295 - Petersburg, VA

Several diagrammatic signs display the bypass route of I-295 in the Petersburg and Richmond area. Referencing travel times calculated with ITS (Intelligent Transportation Systems) technology, this assembly at Exit 45 was added by 2016. 12/21/18

I-95 north at I-295 - Petersburg, VA

I-95 continues one mile north from U.S. 301 to the three-wye interchange (Exit 46) with Interstate 295 north. 12/17/20

I-95 north at I-295 - Petersburg, VA

Tavern Road (SR 626) spans I-95 a half mile ahead of the separation with Interstate 295. I-295 returns to I-95, 44.5 miles to the north in Henrico County. 12/17/20

I-95 north at I-295 - Petersburg, VA

Exit 46 parts ways with I-95 north beyond the bridge across Second Swamp. I-295 runs east of Richmond International Airport (RIC) 26 miles to the north between SR 895 (Pocahontas Parkway) and U.S. 60. 12/17/20

I-95 north at I-295 - Petersburg, VA

Interstate 95 travels north through Petersburg to Colonial Heights and Chesterfield County. I-295 loops east between Fort Lee and the city of Hopewell to the Varina-Enon Bridge. 12/21/18

I-95 South at I-295

I-95 south at I-295 - Petersburg, VA

U.S. 460 separates from I-95 south at a cloverleaf interchange (Exit 48A) 1.75 miles north of I-295. U.S. 460 follows Wagner Road east to SR 106, where it turns south to meet Interstate 295 at Exit 3. 01/01/17

I-95 south at I-295 - Petersburg, VA

Progressing south, I-95 converges with Interstate 295 (Exit 46) a half mile beyond the exchange with SR 629 (Rives Road). 12/30/20

I-95 south at I-295 - Petersburg, VA

Left Exit 46 departs from I-95 south for Interstate 295 north to Hopewell. A carbon copied sign references the former lane drop that took place at the I-95/295 southbound merge. 12/30/20

Sources:

  1. “New I-295 Bridge Opens to Traffic as Work Goes on.” Richmond Times-Dispatch (VA), July 19, 1990.
  2. “A $20 Billion Traffic Jam – Virginia’s Highway Experts are Looking for a Way Out of Seemingly – Endless Problem.” Richmond Times-Dispatch (VA), June 1, 1986.
  3. “Board Awards I-295 Contract.” Richmond Times-Dispatch (VA),December 20, 1990.
  4. “I-295 Section East of City to Open Today.” Richmond Times-Dispatch (VA), October 7, 1988.
  5. “I-295 Section to Hopewell is Opened.” Richmond Times-Dispatch (VA),January 21, 1992.
  6. “State Opens Last Portion of I-295.” Richmond Times-Dispatch (VA), June 26, 1992.

Page updated July 28, 2021.