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Interstate 287 New Jersey / New York

 

Routing

Interstate 287 is the main bypass of the New York City metropolitan area to the west, via New Jersey. It really provides a bypass of Interstate 95, as it begins and ends on Interstate 95 at its northern and southern termini. In New Jersey, Interstate 287 runs north/south, while in New York, Interstate 287 runs east/west. The portion where Interstate 287 runs with Interstate 87 is part of the New York Thruway, and it is a toll road.

High Priority Corridor

Interstate 287 in New Jersey is part of High Priority Corridor 63: Liberty Corridor.

History

As originally planned, Interstate 287 was intended to be a complete beltway loop around all of New York City. Interstate 287 was proposed to follow a bridge that would connect Westchester County with New York 135 on Long Island. Since that bridge was never materialized, and because direct connections were never constructed from New York 135 to New York 440, Interstate 287 was not extended as an eastern bypass of the city.

Highway Guides

Southern Terminus - Interstate 95 and New Jersey 440 - Perth Amboy, New Jersey
Perspective from Interstate 287 south
Interstate 287 southbound within one-half mile of concluding. The sign bridge has gone ahead and advised motorists that they are now on New Jersey 440 eastbound. The transition does not occur officially until Interstate 287 reaches the ramp for the New Jersey Turnpike/Interstate 95. There is an end Interstate 287/Begin New Jersey 440 guide sign posted within the median ahead of the upcoming interchange. Vidcap taken by Ray Martin. (7/99).
Interstate 287 officially ends as New Jersey 440 eastbound begins. Visible to the far right in this photograph is milepost 0. Note that the Interstate 95 guide sign includes a New Jersey Turnpike trailblazer along with the redundant "New Jersey Turnpike" in text. New Jersey 440 travels five miles to the east into Staten Island, New York via the Outer Bridge Crossing. The freeway also has important connections with the Garden State Parkway and U.S. 9 before crossing the Arthur Kill River into the Empire State. Photo taken by Chris Mason (10/13/01).
Perspective from New Jersey 440 east (north)
After the junction with Interstate 95/New Jersey Turnpike, this reassurance shield for New Jersey 440 is posted. The next exit is Smith Street/Industrial Avenue, followed by the interchange with the Garden State Parkway and Junction U.S. 9. Photo taken by Alex Nitzman and Justin Cozart (06/13/05).
Northbound (eastbound) New Jersey 440 approaches its junction with U.S. 9, which provides a connection to the Garden State Parkway. New Jersey 440 continues straight ahead to the Outerbridge Crossing and Staten Island, New York. Photo taken by Alex Nitzman and Justin Cozart (06/13/05).
The first ramp connects to U.S. 9 south, followed by a ramp to the Garden State Parkway south and a third ramp to U.S. 9 and Garden State Parkway north. Photo taken by Alex Nitzman and Justin Cozart (06/13/05).
Perspective from Interstate 95/New Jersey Turnpike south
Two-mile guide signage for Exit 10 on the New Jersey Turnpike southbound. The control points are listed as Perth Amboy for New Jersey 440 east and Metuchen for Interstate 287 north. The two communities are within five miles of this interchange. Photo taken by Douglas Kerr (08/00).
Southbound Interstate 95/New Jersey Turnpike approaches Exit 10, Junction Interstate 287 and New Jersey 440 (one mile). Photo taken by Alex Nitzman and Justin Cozart (06/13/05).
Southbound Interstate 95/New Jersey Turnpike reaches Exit 10, Junction Interstate 287 and New Jersey 440. Photo taken by AARoads (08/29/05).
Perspective from Interstate 95/New Jersey Turnpike north
Traveling north on Interstate 95/New Jersey Turnpike, the toll road passes through a rural area as it approaches the outer beltline of the New York City metropolitan area: Interstate 287. Exit 10 serves Interstate 287 north and New Jersey 440 east to the Outerbridge and Staten Island. Photo taken by Alex Nitzman and Carter Buchanan (06/26/05).
Use Exit 10 to New Jersey 440 east to the Outerbridge crossing to Staten Island. After crossing that bridge, New York 440 continues north and east to meet Interstate 278, then aim north over the Bayonne Bridge back into New Jersey. New Jersey 440 then meets Interstate 78 near Bayonne - Jersey City, and ends at Truck U.S. 1-9 in the shadow of the Pulaski Skyway near Lincoln Park. Photo taken by Alex Nitzman and Carter Buchanan (06/26/05).
Northbound Interstate 95/New Jersey Turnpike approaches Exit 10, Junction Interstate 287 north and New Jersey 440 east. Interstate 287 travels west from here until around Exit 17, then turns north and east to bypass the metropolitan area. Use Interstate 287 north to Interstate 78, New Jersey 24, Interstate 80, New Jersey 208, and Interstate 87/New York Thruway. Photo taken by Alex Nitzman and Carter Buchanan (06/26/05).
Continuing north, a new lane provides the connection onto northbound Interstate 287/New Jersey 440, while the left three lanes continue north on Interstate 95/New Jersey Turnpike. Older button copy signage for Interstate 287/New Jersey 440/Exit 10 on the New Jersey Turnpike northbound. This guide sign, and others for Exit 10, were replaced by Spring of 2000. Note the Edison Township plate affixed to the panel. Edison itself is just four miles to the west via Interstate 287. Photos taken by Alex Nitzman and Carter Buchanan (06/26/05) and vidcap taken by Alex Nitzman (10/98).
Approaching the gore point for Exit 10, the connection to Interstate 287 is afforded via either the express (inner) or local (outer) lanes. Photo taken by Alex Nitzman and Carter Buchanan (06/26/05).
After passing through the toll plaza, motorists are afforded a choice of routes: Interstate 287 north to Middlesex County Route 514 east (left lane), New Jersey 440 north (east) to the Garden State Parkway (middle lane), and Middlesex County Route 514 west (right lane). Photo taken by Alex Nitzman and Justin Cozart (06/13/05).
Continuing onto northbound Interstate 287 north, the right lane connects to New Jersey 440 east to the Garden State Parkway, Outerbridge Crossing, and Staten Island. The left lane will connect to Interstate 287 north. Photo taken by Alex Nitzman and Justin Cozart (06/13/05).
Another older sign is posted at the point where New Jersey 440 east (north) departs from the transition ramp. The left lane connects onto Interstate 287 north to Middlesex County Route 514 east. Photo taken by Alex Nitzman and Justin Cozart (06/13/05).
Perspective from New Jersey 440 west (south)
Looking west (south) on New Jersey 440, the freeway gains two incoming lanes after the Garden State Parkway and U.S. 9 interchange. Photo taken by AARoads (08/29/05).
This mileage sign on southbound (westbound) New Jersey 440 provides the distance to three exits that serve Edison Township: Exit 0, Junction Middlesex County Route 514/Woodbridge Avenue and Junction Interstate 95/New Jersey Turnpike; Exit 1, Junction U.S. 1; and Exit 2, Junction New Jersey 27/Lincoln Highway. Yes, this is the same Lincoln Highway that travels coast to coast from New York City to San Francisco. Photo taken by AARoads (08/29/05).
New Jersey 440 will come to an end once it passes through the interchange with Interstate 95/New Jersey Turnpike and Middlesex County Route 514/Woodbridge Road. Photo taken by AARoads (08/29/05).
A roadside sign advises of the connection from southbound (westbound) New Jersey 440 to Middlesex County Route 514/Woodbridge Road, which serves Raritan Center. Photo taken by AARoads (08/29/05).
The right two lanes exit to Middlesex County Route 514/Woodbridge Road and Interstate 95/New Jersey Turnpike. The left three lanes continue west, transitioning directly onto northbound Interstate 287. Photo taken by AARoads (08/29/05).
Now on the transition lanes to Middlesex County Route 514 and Interstate 95/New Jersey Turnpike, the first ramp connects to Middlesex County Route 514 east to Woodbridge. Photo taken by AARoads (08/29/05).
New Jersey 440 westbound as it transitions into Interstate 287. This end/begin style signage is common within the Garden State. The six lane freeway proceeds in a westerly fashion through communities such as Edison, Piscataway, and Bridgewater before turning northwards to Interstate 78 and beyond. The first photo shows the view from the mainline freeway, while the second photo shows the same sign as seen from the distributor lanes. Photos taken by Carter Buchanan (06/30/05) and AARoads (08/29/05).
Continuing along the New Jersey 440 south (west) transition lanes to Middlesex County Route 514 west to Bonhamtown and Interstate 95/New Jersey Turnpike. These are some very old button copy signs! From here, the transition ramp connects to both the turnpike and the county route without any return to Interstate 287 north. Photo taken by AARoads (08/29/05).
Perspective from Interstate 287 north
After the Interstate 95/New Jersey Turnpike interchange, Interstate 287 begins and New Jersey 440 ends. The first exit on the nascent route is Exits 1A-B, Junction U.S. 1 north and south. Photo taken by Carter Buchanan (06/30/05).
This is the first pull-through sign for northbound Interstate 287, which has the control cities of Morristown and Mahwah. Photo taken by Carter Buchanan (06/30/05).
Perspective from Garden State Parkway north
Now traveling north on the Garden State Parkway, signage for Interstate 287 north is posted at the New Jersey 440 interchange (Exit 127). The advance signs properly show "New Jersey 440 to Interstate 287," since Interstate 287 does not travel this far south. New Jersey 440 extends for about two miles between Garden State Parkway Exit 127 and Interstate 95/New Jersey Turnpike Exit 10. Photo taken by AARoads (08/29/05).
Climbing over the Raritan River on this high bridge, the Garden State Parkway carries six northbound lanes as it approaches the junction with New Jersey 440. Use New Jersey 440 east (north) to Staten Island via the Outerbridge crossing, and follow New Jersey 440 west (south) to Interstate 287 north. This interchange (Exit 127) also serves U.S. 9, which crosses the Raritan River via a bridge parallel to and east of the parkway. Photo taken by AARoads (08/29/05).
Crossing the Raritan River, note the unusual lane striping used for the optional lane that provides connections to either the northbound Parkway or Exit 127. Photo taken by AARoads (08/29/05).
Northbound Garden State Parkway reaches Exit 127, Junction New Jersey 440. This interchange also provides a connection to U.S. 9. Follow New Jersey 440 west (south) to Interstate 287 north. Photo taken by AARoads (08/29/05).
The right three lanes connect to Exit 127, Junction New Jersey 440 to Interstate 287 and to U.S. 9. The left four lanes continue north on the Garden State Parkway. The unusual lane striping used for the optional lane comes to an end upon reaching the offramp for Exit 127. U.S. 9, which closely followed the Garden State Parkway over the Raritan River, will straddle the parkway briefly north of New Jersey 440 before splitting away toward U.S. 1. Photo taken by AARoads (08/29/05).
Now on the transition ramp from northbound Garden State Parkway to Exit 127, the left lane connects to U.S. 9 north to Woodbridge, while the right lane connects to New Jersey 440 north (east) to Staten Island. The two middle lanes connect to New Jersey 440 west (south) to Interstate 287 north and Industrial Avenue south. Photo taken by AARoads (08/29/05).
U.S. 9 north traffic departs from the transition ramp first. The right two lanes continue for the connection to New Jersey 440 and Industrial Avenue. Photo taken by AARoads (08/29/05).
Still on the ramp for Exit 127, the second ramp leads to New Jersey 440 east (north) to New York 440 and Staten Island. The left two lanes continue on a curving route to transition onto New Jersey 440 south (west) to Interstate 287 north. Photo taken by AARoads (08/29/05).
Gaining a lane from incoming traffic from U.S. 9 north and New Jersey 440 south (west), the left two lanes will connect to New Jersey 440 west (south) to Interstate 287 north, while the right lane connects to Industrial Avenue south. Photo taken by AARoads (08/29/05).
The ramp from Garden State Parkway north to New Jersey 440 south (west) is an elliptical loop, starting north, then west, and now heading south. Industrial Avenue traffic split from the ramp at this point, heading south to the various industrial and commercial areas on the north side of the Raritan River. From here, the left two lanes finally join New Jersey 440 west (south). Photo taken by AARoads (08/29/05).
Perspective from Garden State Parkway south
Now traveling south on the Garden State Parkway, again signs advise of the connection to Interstate 287 and Interstate 95/New Jersey Turnpike via Exit 129, Junction Interstate 95 (note that there is no access to New Jersey 440 via Exit 127, which is where the Garden State Parkway northbound meets New Jersey 440). Photo taken by Carter Buchanan (06/30/05).
Southbound Garden State Parkway splits with Interstate 95/New Jersey Turnpike south here. The left three lanes continue south on the Garden State Parkway to all Jersey Shore points, Atlantic City, and the Cape May-Lewes Ferry across Delaware Bay. The right two lanes transition onto Interstate 95 south, Interstate 287 north, New Jersey 440 east/north, and U.S. 9. Photo taken by Carter Buchanan (06/30/05).
Now on the transition ramp, the left lane will connect to Interstate 95/New Jersey Turnpike south to Trenton and the Delaware Memorial Bridge. The right two lanes connect to Interstate 287 north, New Jersey 440 east/north, and U.S. 9. Photo taken by Carter Buchanan (06/30/05).
Still on the transition ramp, the left lane merges to Interstate 95/New Jersey Turnpike south, while the right two lanes connect to Interstate 287 north, New Jersey 440 east/north, and U.S. 9. Photo taken by Carter Buchanan (06/30/05).
Eastern (Northern) Terminus - Interstate 95 - Rye, New York
Perspective from Interstate 287 east
Shortly after the New York 120 and New York 120A interchange (Exit 10), eastbound Interstate 287 approaches its final two interchanges: Exit 11, Junction U.S. 1, and Exit 12, Junction Interstate 95. Photo taken by AARoads (08/29/05).
The last exit on Interstate 287 eastbound is for Exit 11, Junction U.S. 1. The federal highway parallels Interstate 95 from New York northward into Connecticut. The control points thus are local in nature, with Rye to the south and Port Chester to the north. Interstate 287 mainline lanes already see Exit 12 allocation for Interstate 95. Photo taken by Alex Nitzman and Carter Buchanan (08/09/04).
The next sign bridge on Interstate 287 eastbound is found prior to Exit 11, Junction U.S. 1. Lane allocations are set for the final exit (Exit 12, Junction Interstate 95), with the left two lanes connecting to Interstate 95 north and the right lane connecting to Interstate 95/New England Thruway south. Note the lack of exit tabs and usage of "Conn Tpke" as a control city even though tolls were dropped on that facility in the mid-1980s. Photo taken by Alex Nitzman and Carter Buchanan (08/09/04).
Eastbound Interstate 287 approaches Exit 11, Junction U.S. 1/Boston Post Road north to Port Chester and south to Rye. Interstate 287, known as the Cross-Westchester Expressway, was purchased by the New York Thruway in 1993. There are no tolls however, aside from the one-way levy on the Tappan Zee Bridge. The Hudson River crossing is just ten miles to the west from this location. Photo taken by Alex Nitzman and Carter Buchanan (08/09/04).
Interstate 287 eastbound motorists see an END shield posted at the interchange with Exit 12, Junction Interstate 95/New England Thruway. End signs for Interstate highways are pretty common throughout the Empire State. For instance, another Interstate end sign can be found three miles to the west at Interstate 684's southern terminus. Two lanes are allocated for Interstate 95 northbound as the freeway prepares to enter the Constitution State. Meanwhile traffic bound for the Big Apple have one lane to connect onto Interstate 95/New England Thruway southbound. Although maps show the Interstate 95 Thruway as toll, the only actual section subject to a fee is the stretch between Exits 16 and 17 in New Rochelle. Photo taken by Alex Nitzman and Carter Buchanan (08/09/04).
Eastbound Interstate 287/Cross-Westchester Expressway reaches Exit 11, Junction U.S. 1/Boston Post Road. The freeway then defaults onto Interstate 95 north to Connecticut or south to New York City. Photo taken by Alex Nitzman and Carter Buchanan (08/09/04).
The left two lanes transition onto northbound Interstate 95/Connecticut Turnpike, while the right lane connects to Interstate 95 south via Exit 12. Photo taken by Alex Nitzman and Carter Buchanan (08/09/04).
Perspective from Interstate 95 south
Just before Interstate 95/Connecticut Turnpike south crosses from Connecticut into New York near the vicinity of Port Chester is this sign bridge for the upcoming junction with Interstate 287/Exit 21. At the state line, Interstate 95 connects onto the New England Thruway, which is a member of the New York Thruway System. Photo taken by Alex Nitzman and Justin Cozart (06/13/05).
Use Interstate 287 (Exit 21) west to U.S. 1 to Port Chester and Rye. Photo taken by Alex Nitzman and Justin Cozart (06/13/05).
A Welcome to New York sign is posted on Interstate 95 south; signs for the connection to Interstate 287 (Exit 21) west can be seen in the background. Photo taken by Alex Nitzman and Justin Cozart (06/13/05).
The Interstate 287 interchange/Exit 21 of Interstate 95 is the first exit of the 23.25 mile segment within New York state. The Interstate 287 overhead, although partially shrouded by foliage, uses White Plains and the Tappan Zee Bridge as control points. These are local in context to the overall routing of Interstate 287 that offers a long-distance bypass of New York City. Vidcap taken by Alex Nitzman (06/27/94).
Southbound Interstate 95 at Interstate 287 west/Exit 21. This is the first of several interchanges Interstate 95 encounters as the New England Thruway as it treks southward to New York City. The city itself is just eleven miles to the south with the northern suburbs of Rye, Mamaroneck, Larchmont, and New Rochelle in between. Photo taken by Douglas Kerr (1/01).
Perspective from Interstate 95 north
U.S. 1 crisscrosses Interstate 95 within one mile of Interstate 287's eastern terminus. The multi-lane highway passes through Rye just south of Interstate 95 and continues north to Port Chester after crossing Interstate 287. The federal route represents the first westbound interchange for the Cross-West Chester Expressway and therefore sees no northbound ramp from Interstate 95. Photo taken by AARoads (08/29/05).
This sign, which looks like the kind of exit numbering found on Interstate 405 in California, shows the distance to the next three exits ... with only the exit numbers and miles (distance) to the exit. Inclusive in this sign is Exit 21, Junction Interstate 287 west to U.S. 1/Boston Post Road. Photo taken by AARoads (08/29/05).
Interstate 287 travels west across the northern suburbs of New York City before merging with Interstate 87 and the New York Thruway mainline. From there, it crosses the Hudson River via the Tappan Zee Bridge, then turns south into New Jersey near the junction with New York 17. Photo taken by AARoads (08/29/05).
Northbound Interstate 95/New York Thruway approaches Exit 20, Junction U.S. 1/Boston Post Road south. Photo taken by AARoads (08/29/05).
Interstate 95 north reaches Exit 20, the southbound U.S. 1 ramp to Rye. Traffic wishing to merge onto U.S. 1 north is directed to Interstate 287 westbound for its Exit 11 connection with the highway. The ramp for Exit 21 is situated just beyond the overpass in the foreground. Photo taken by AARoads (08/29/05).
The next exit along northbound Interstate 95/New England Thruway is Exit 21, Junction Interstate 287 west to U.S. 1 north. Note the lack of control cities on this sign. Photo taken by AARoads (08/29/05).
Now on the transition ramp from northbound Interstate 95/New England Thruway, the left lane connects to Interstate 287/Cross Westchester Expressway west, while the right lane connects to U.S. 1 north. Photo taken by AARoads (08/29/05).
The transition ramp skirts alongside a railroad as it loops to the west. Photo taken by AARoads (08/29/05).
Here, the transition ramp splits: the left lane connects to Interstate 287/Cross Westchester Expressway west, while the right lane connects to U.S. 1/Boston Post Road north to Port Chester. Photo taken by AARoads (08/29/05).
Interstate 287/Cross Westchester Expressway west begins as the ramps from northbound and southbound Interstate 95 merge together. Photo taken by AARoads (08/29/05).
Perspective from Interstate 287 west
A few tenths of a mile after departing from Interstate 95, the westbound beginning of Interstate 287 used to see this set of original button copy signs. A return ramp to Interstate 95 departs at the right. Otherwise Interstate 287 continues to White Plains in four miles. Photo taken by Michael Summa (1976).
The first exit on westbound Interstate 287/Cross Westchester Expressway is Exit 10, Bowman Avenue and Webb Avenue. Photo taken by AARoads (08/29/05).
Shortly thereafter is the first reassurance shield for Interstate 287. Too bad it is neutered. Photo taken by AARoads (08/29/05).
A mileage sign provides the distance to the city of White Plains (four miles) and the Tappan Zee Bridge (11 miles). Photo taken by AARoads (08/29/05).
Interstate 287 is designated as the Westchester County War Veterans Memorial Highway according to this blue information sign, which is posted after Exit 10, Bowman Avenue and Webb Avenue. Photo taken by AARoads (08/29/05).

Page Updated December 16, 2006.

 
Mileage

State New Jersey
Mileage 67.54
Cities Somerville, Morristown, Pompton Plain, Oakland
Junctions Interstate 95/New Jersey Turnpike, Interstate 78, Interstate 80
State New York
Mileage 31.18*
Cities Suffern, Spring Valley, White Plains, Tarrytown, Port Chester
Junctions Interstate 87/New York Thruway, Interstate 684, Interstate 95
TOTAL 98.72
Source: October 31, 2002 Interstate Route Log and Finders List
19.20 miles on I-87
Interstate 287 Annual Average Daily Traffic

State Location AADT Composite Year
New York Suffern 71,400 2002
New York Tappan Zee Bridge 137,800 2002
New York White Plains 140,300 2002
New York Purchase 125,300 2002
Source: NYSDOT 2002 Traffic Volume Report
Complete Interstate 287 AADT data.

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