Interstate 190 New York

North End
South End


Interstate 190 is the spur of Interstate 90 that leads from the New York Thruway mainline north to Downtown Buffalo, Grand Island and Niagara Falls. This is one of three Interstate highway branches to end at an international boundary. The others are I-110 in El Paso, Texas, which links I-10 with the Bridge of the Americas into Ciudad Juárez, Mexico and I-69W to the World Trade Bridge at Laredo, Texas.


The New York interstate highway system numbering plan announced by the State Public Works Department on October 21, 1958 designated the Niagara Section of the New York Thruway as Interstate 90W.1 Renumbering of the toll road connecting Interstate 90 with Downtown Buffalo and Niagara Falls followed on February 24, 1959.2 Two sections of I-190 were completed on July 30, 1959. The 5.7 mile portion leading west from I-90 (NY Thruway) to Porter Avenue in Buffalo opened with the exception of two Downtown access ramps. Also completed was a 1.5 mile segment from Sheridan Drive (NY 342) to the South Grand Bridge.3 The last 5.7 miles of I-190 opened for northbound traffic on September 1, 1960. The southbound roadway remained until Summer 1961 close due to construction of the Scajaquada Creek Expressway (NY 198).4

Known as the Niagara Section of the New York Thruway, Interstate 190 originally had toll barriers at four locations: west of Interstate 90, south of the Peace Bridge, and at the two Niagara River crossings. The bridge crossings have tolls that are levied on inbound traffic only. During the 1950s and 1960s, when the New York Thruway was established, all the exits on the “Niagara Section” were numbered with the prefix of N-xx. This practice was done to distinguish them from the Thruway mainline exit numbering system.5

Erie County Clerk David J. Swarts presented a petition of about 20,000 signatures to regional transportation officials advocating the removal of the Interstate 190 toll plazas within the city of Buffalo. The contention was that Buffalo is the only upstate city in New York that had tolls levied on its commuters. He cited the differences between Buffalo and Rochester as a justification for the toll removal.

A similar concern arose in the early 2000s from Grand Island commuters concerning the tolled Niagara River spans of Interstate 190. These residents were somewhat successful in their complaints in that they were granted special commuter rates for returning to the island via the Grand Island bridges.6

Efforts to remove the two Buffalo toll plazas were also successful. Tolls along Interstate 190 in Buffalo ceased on October 30, 2006 by order of the New York Thruway Authority.2

Route Information

  • North End – Lewiston, NY

  • South End – I-190 south at I-90 – Cheektowaga, NY
  • Mileage – 28.34

  • Cities – Buffalo, Niagara Falls

  • JunctionsI-90 NY Thruway I-290

Source: December 31, 2018 Interstate Route Log and Finders List

I-190 Annual Average Daily Traffic (AADT)

The Niagara Section of the New York Thruway in 1960

The Niagara Section of the Thruway initially extended northwest from Buffalo to Grand Island and NY 384 (Buffalo Avenue) in Niagara Falls.

Highway Guides

North End – Canadian International Border – Lewiston, New York

I-190 North at NY Route 104

I-190 north at NY 265 - Lewiston, NY

Interstate 190 curves northwest through a three quarter cloverleaf interchange preceding the customs station for the Lewiston-Queenston Bridge into Ontario, Canada. Exit 25A departs for parallel NY 265 (Military Road), a north-south route between Niagara Falls and Lewiston. Photo taken by Douglas Kerr (05/06/02).

I-190 north at NY 104 - Lewiston, NY

Exit 25B represents the last departure point ahead of the port of entry for King’s Highway 405 and Saint Catherines, Ontario on I-190 northbound. A loop ramp joins Upper Mountain Road west ahead of ramps for NY 104 (Lewiston Road) and Niagara Scenic Parkway. Photo taken 05/27/00.

South End I-90 NY Thruway – I-190 south at I-90 – Cheektowaga, New York

I-190 South at I-90

I-190 south at I-90 - Buffalo, NY

The last mainline off-ramp from I-190 connects with South Ogden Street. The southbound freeway maintains three lanes to Interstate 90 (New York Thruway). Photo taken by Chris Elbert (07/06).

I-190 south at I-90 - Cheektowaga, NY

A second diagrammatic sign precedes the separation of Interstate 190 south into the ramps for I-90 west to Erie, Pennsylvania and east to Buffalo Niagara International Airport (BUF). Photo taken by Chris Elbert (07/06).

I-190 south at I-90 - Cheektowaga, NY

The Niagara Section of the New York State Thruway comes to an end. Although still a part of the Thruway mainline, I-90 through Buffalo is toll free between I-290 (Exit 50) and U.S. 219 (Exit 55) to the south. Photo taken by Chris Elbert (07/06).

I-90 West at I-190

I-90 west at I-190 - West Seneca, NY

Exit 52A leaves I-90 (New York Thruway) west for William Street, 1.5 miles ahead of the south end of I-190 (Niagara Section of the New York Thruway). I-190 encircles Downtown Buffalo to the west, connecting the city with Niagara Falls and the Lewiston-Queenston Bridge to King’s Highway 405. Photo taken by Jeff Morrison (07/01/07).

I-90 west at I-190 - West Seneca, NY

Interstate 190 branches west from I-90 in a half mile to Downtown Buffalo and the Rainbow Bridge into Fort Erie, Ontario. Photo taken by Jeff Morrison (07/01/07).

I-90 west at I-190 - Cheektowaga, NY

Westbound Interstate 90 (New York Thruway) continues with three lanes toward toward Erie, Pennsylvania, and Cleveland, Ohio beyond Exit 51 / I-190 (Niagara Section of the New York Thruway). Photo taken by Jeff Morrison (07/01/07).

I-90 East at I-190

I-90 east at I-190 - Cheektowaga, NY

Passing through the three-level interchange with Interstate 190 on I-90 (New York Thruway) eastbound. Four additional exits link the toll free portion of the Thruway with the Buffalo area. Photo taken by Douglas Kerr (10/19/02).


  1. “Kingston Arterial Route Will Bear Numbers 587.” The Kingston Daily Freeman (NY), October 21, 1958.
  2. Interstate 190 (New York). Wikipedia.
  3. “Thruway Reaches Heart of Buffalo.” Wellsville Daily Reporter (NY), July 30, 1959.
  4. “Thruway Niagara Section to Open.” The Kingston Daily Freeman (NY), September 1, 1960.
  5. Cuff, Richard. “Thruway Exit Numbering (was: Re: [northeastroads] Re: Who else out there hates I-99).” Online posting, Yahoo! Groups Northeastern U.S. Roads, November 20, 2003.
  6. “Petition supports case for removing toll barriers.” Buffalo News, November 11, 2003.

Page updated August 28, 2019.