Interstate 195 Florida

Routing

Interstate 195 is a freeway spur linking midtown Miami with northern Miami Beach via the Julia Tuttle Causeway. In conjunction with the tolled Airport Expressway (Florida 112), I-195 connects Florida A1A and Miami Beach with Interstate 95 (North-South Expressway) and Miami International Airport (MIA).

The I-195 portion of the Airport Expressway begins at the I-95/Florida 112 36th Street Interchange near midtown Miami and heads east across the Julia Tuttle Causeway over Biscayne Bay. I-195 and the freeway officially end on the east side of the causeway at an interchange with Florida 907 (Alton Road). Florida 112 silently follows Interstate 195 for its duration across the bay only to reemerge along Arthur Godfrey Road between Alton Road and Florida A1A (Indian Creek Drive).

The skyscrappers of Downtown Miami dominate the view looking south from the main span of the Julia Tuttle Causeway on Interstate 195 east. Both the Venetian and MacArthur Causeways can be seen eminating from the cluster of Downtown buildings toward Miami Beach. Photo taken 03/04/14.

Several high rises in Miami Beach come into view along the Julia Tuttle Causeway across Biscayne Bay. Photo taken 03/04/14.

History

Initial construction for the freeway linking Miami and northern Miami Beach began in October 1957 along the 36th Street (Julia Tuttle) Causeway across Biscayne Bay.1 Opening to motorists on December 12, 1959 at nearly $14 million to build2, the Julia Tuttle Causeway was the first completed link in the original Miami expressway system3, connecting Alton Road (Florida 907) on Miami Beach with U.S. 1 (Biscayne Boulevard) on the Miami side via NE 36th and NE 38th Streets. Named after the early Miami pioneer, the Julia Tuttle Causeway consists of two spans over Biscayne Bay: one crossing the Intracoastal Waterway (2,150 feet in length) and another (1,138 feet long) crossing a secondary channel. A land causeway separates the two spans.

Work on the final piece of what would become Interstate 195 commenced in March 1960 between Biscayne Boulevard and Interstate 95 (North-South Expressway) at the 36th Street Interchange.4 The missing link would also tie into the tolled 36th Street Expressway (Florida 112/Airport Expressway) to Miami International Airport. On December 22, 1961, Interstate 195 fully opened to traffic5, threading Miami Beach to the mainland, its growing freeway system, and the airport.

An improvement project on the Julia Tuttle Causeway between 1988 and 1990 widened the freeway and improved the shoulders.6

According to a FDOT Biennial Report (1961-62), Business Spur Interstate 195 extended along Arthur Godfrey Road from Alton Road (Florida 907) toward Florida A1A (Collins Road).7 This designation however did not last and was decommissioned at an unknown date. Today, Florida 112 follows the entire former Business Spur route.

Highway Guides

Western Terminus - Interstate 95/Florida 112 - Miami, Florida
Perspective from Interstate 195 west
Preparing to cross over U.S. 1 (Biscayne Boulevard), Interstate 195 will come to an end in one mile at the 36th Street Interchange with Interstate 95 and Florida 112 west. The extensive interchange complex was completed in 1961 at a cost of $22 million. Photo taken 04/01/14.
One ramp facilitates movements to I-95 north and south from I-195 at Exit 1. I-195 officially ends as Florida 112 west emerges along the tolled Airport Expressway toward Miami International Airport (MIA). Photo taken 01/24/16.
Two lanes depart for both I-95 north to Fort Lauderdale and south to Downtown Miami. Fort Lauderdale is located 24.7 miles away in neighboring Broward County while Downtown is a 3.4 mile drive to the south. Photo taken 04/01/14.
Perspective from Florida 112 (Airport Expressway) east
Paralleling a Metrorail line, Florida 112 (Airport Expressway) east travels another 0.75 miles to the 36th Street Interchange with Interstate 95. Photo taken 01/24/16.
An all electronic toll (AET) collection gantry precedes both the NW 12th Avenue off-ramp and the four-level interchange with Interstates 95 and 195. Tolling along all of SR 112 commenced in 2014. Photo taken 01/24/16.
The adjacent Metrorail line turns south across Florida 112 as the Airport Expressway prepares to transition directly onto I-195 east to Miami Beach. SR 112 continues east as the hidden counterpart of I-195 through to Alton Road (Exit 5) at Miami Beach. Photo taken 01/24/16.
Three lanes partition from the Airport Expressway east for Interstate 95 north to Fort Lauderdale and Broward County and Interstate 95 south to Downtown Miami and Coral Gables. Photo taken 01/24/16.
A separate ramp leaves for the northbound tolled I-95 Express Lanes (formerly HOV lanes) as traffic partitions for mainline I-95 north to Fort Lauderdale and Orlando (via Florida's Turnpike) and south to Downtown. Photo taken 01/24/16.
Motorists bound for the I-95 north Express Lanes soar over the 36th Street Interchange via this single lane ramp. An additional flyover connects NW 39th Street with the toll lanes from the right. The I-95 Express Lanes run northward to Broward County. Photo taken 12/28/06.
Historical Perspective from Florida 112 east
Older guide signs posted as the Airport Expressway eastbound entered the 36th Street Interchange. Photo taken 12/28/06.
Sign replacements made onthe ramp for I-95 switched out the HOV 2+ reference for the Sunpass Only Express Lanes while dropping Orlando for All Exits. Photo taken 12/28/06.
Perspective from Interstate 95 south
Traveling along Interstate 95 south as it spans NW 62nd Street, the North-South Expressway comes to within one mile of the stack interchange with I-195 east to Miami Beach and Florida 112 west to Miami International Airport. Photo taken 03/04/14.
The tolled Express Lanes along I-95 south will meet a dedicated left ramp to Florida 112 (Airport Expressway) west in one-half mile. Currently there is no access to I-195 east from the Express Lanes. Photo taken 04/01/14.
One lane leaves the I-95 Express Lanes for State Road 112 and the Airport Expressway while the mainline will reach the 36th Street Interchange in one-half mile. Photo taken 04/01/14.
Drivers depart on a three lane ramp for Exit 4 to Interstate 195 and Florida 112 along I-95 south. Express ramps rise in the median of the North-South Expressway to meet Florida 112 west to MIA. Photo taken 03/04/14.
Traffic leaves for both the Airport Expressway and Interstate 195 in the northwest quadrant of the massive 36th Street Interchange. Miami Beach lies on the east side of Biscayne Bay and is reached via the Julia Tuttle Causeway. I-195 will end on the east side of the causeway at Florida 907 (Alton Road). Miami International Airport is a 5.2 mile drive from this point. Photo taken 03/04/14.
Perspective from Interstate 95 north
The first of two ramps to Interstate 195 to Miami Beach occurs within the Midtown Interchange (I-395/Florida 836) in one-quarter mile. Exit 4A serves only as a bypass ramp to avoid traffic weaving at the upcoming on-ramp from I-395 and Florida 836. The ramp returns to the I-95 mainline becoming the primary lane for the second ramp (Exit 4B) directly to I-195 east. Photo taken 03/04/14.
Spanning over the Interstate 395 eastbound mainline, Exit 4A to the I-195 bypass ramp prepares to leave I-95 north. The ramp will rejoin the mainline north of NW 20th Street. Photo taken 03/04/14.
Interstate 95 north passes over NW 20th Street on the one mile approach to I-195 east and Florida 112 west (Exit 4B). The bypass ramp for Interstate 195 bound traffic (Exit 4A) comes into view and will merge with the mainline beyond NW 20th Street. Photo taken 04/01/14.
The two left lanes along I-95 north become dedicated toll Express Lanes ahead of the 36th Street Interchange to I-195 and Florida 112. The state road follows the Airport Expressway west to Miami International Airport while I-195 continues the freeway east over the Julia Tuttle Causeway into Miami Beach. Photo taken 04/01/14.
The departure ramp from I-95 to Exit 4B reaches the split to I-195 east and Florida 112 west. Interstate 195 will see interchanges with Miami Avenue (Exit 2A) and U.S. 1 (Exit 2B) before crossing Biscayne Bay via the Julia Tuttle Causeway. Florida 112 stems west from I-95 & 195 along the Airport Expressway and will meet NW 17th Avenue in three-quarters of a mile. The freeway ends at the base of Miami International Airport at U.S. 27 and Florida 948 (NW 36th Street). Photo taken 04/01/14.
Eastern Terminus - Florida 112, Florida 907, Florida 907A - Miami Beach, Florida
Perspective from Interstate 195 east
Traveling east along the Julia Tuttle Causeway across Biscayne Bay, drivers pass by the final reassurance shield for Interstate 195. Photo taken 03/04/14.
Use the approaching Exit 5 to Florida 907 (Alton Road) for the Miami Beach Convention Center, Jackie Gleason Theater, and Art Deco Historic District. I-195 curves northeast to its end ahead. Photo taken 03/04/14.
Guide sign posted along the off-ramp at the split to Florida 907 south to the Convention Center and north to area hospitals. Photo taken 03/25/06.
Historic look at the previous Interstate 195 end guide sign prior to the Florida 907A traffic signal in Miami Beach. This assembly was removed by 2008 and never replaced. Photo taken 12/28/03.
An unsigned Florida 112 reemerges from Interstate 195 ahead of the signalized intersection with Florida 907A (Alton Road). Alton Road splits around the I-195 interchange into local and bypass segments with Florida 907 following the bypass component. Florida 112 continues along Arthur Godfrey Road eastward through to its end at Florida A1A north (Collins Avenue). Photo taken 03/04/14.
Perspective from Interstate 195 west
Florida 907A follows the local section of Alton Road in the vicinity of the westbound beginning of Interstate 195. A short bypass of Alton Road loops to the west between 34th and 43rd Streets carrying Florida 907. Photo taken 04/01/14.
Interstate 195 begins its 4.42-mile stint to I-95 immediately west of Alton Road. An unsigned Florida 112 will run tandem with the freeway through to the Airport Expressway. A loop ramp from the Alton Road bypass joins the freeway ahead adding a third lane to the mainline. Photo taken 04/01/14.
The first reassurance shield for I-195 west as it curves to meet the Julia Tuttle Causeway. Interstate 95 is a four mile drive while Miami International Airport is reached in eight miles (via Florida 112 west). Photo taken 04/01/14.

Sources:

  1. "36th St. Span To Start By October 21", The Miami News, September 20, 1957.
  2. "We Bridge The Gap", The Miami News, December 12, 1959.
  3. "36th St. Span Ready To Roll", The Miami News, December 7, 1959.
  4. "Work Will Start Soon on Miami Expressway", The Miami News, March 17, 1960.
  5. "X-Way Opens - Snip, Zip!",The Miami News, December 22, 1961.
  6. Learned, Jason. "Interstate Guide - Florida I-195, I-395, I-595." Personal email, November 25, 2003.
  7. "Twenty-Fourth Biennial Report of the State Road Department (Florida) - Jan. 1, 1961 through Dec. 31, 1962" (online document).

Page Updated April 14, 2016.



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Mileage

State Florida
Mileage 4.42
Cities Miami, Miami Beach
Junctions I-95
Source: December 31, 2016 Interstate Route Log and Finders List
I-195 Florida Annual Average Daily Traffic

From To AADT Composite
Exit 1/ I-95 Exit 2B/ U.S. 1 (Biscayne Bl) 123,500
Exit 2B/ U.S. 1 (Biscayne Bl) Julia Tuttle Cswy 109,000
Julia Tuttle Cswy Exit 5/ SR 907 104,779
Source: Florida Traffic Information 2013 (web site)