Interstate 30

I-30 Texas I-30 Arkansas
History
East End
West End

Overview

Interstate 30 joins the Dallas/Fort Worth metropolitan area with Texarkana and Little Rock, Arkansas. The freeway originates in western reaches of Fort Worth, splitting with IH 20 at a wye interchange. Heading east across the city, IH 30 passes by White Settlement and Westover Hills to Downtown, where it connects with SH 121 (Chisholm Trail Parkway), U.S. 377, IH 35W and U.S. 287. Departing the central business district, IH 30 transitions onto the Tom Landry Highway, the former Dallas-Fort Worth Turnpike to Arlington, Grand Prairie and west Dallas. IH 30 through Fort Worth was completed in 1964.1

The original Dallas-Fort Worth Turnpike concluded at IH 35E within the Mixmaster Interchange outside Downtown Dallas. IH 30 constitutes a heavily traveled freeway along the south side of the central business district between IH 35E (Stemmons Freeway) and IH 45 / U.S. 75 (Central Expressway). East from there by the Cotton Bowl, IH 30 continues to Mesquite, where begins a gradual northern turn at the separation with U.S. 80. The freeway crosses Lake Ray Hubbard between Garland and Rockwall through the east Dallas County suburbs, crossing into Hunt County at Royse City.

Beyond Dallas, IH 30 overlays U.S. 67 northeast to Greenville, where the route turns east toward Sulphur Springs and Mount Pleasant along a rural course. Another northern shift  follows, taking IH 30 across White Oak Creek Wildlife Management Area to U.S. 82 and New Boston. Running along the northern periphery of the Red River Army Depot, IH 30 parallels U.S. 82 east into Nash and Texarkana.

Once in Arkansas, Interstate 30 remains a busy trucking corridor as it turns northeast to Hope, Prescott and Arkadelphia through increasingly hilly terrain. Further east, the freeway reaches Benton and the far outer suburbs of Little Rock. I-30 increases in capacity on the northeast approach to I-430, I-530 and I-440 within the capital city. Combining with U.S. 65 and 167 at the end of I-530, I-30 heads north along its final leg toward Downtown Little Rock, North Little Rock and Interstate 40.

Arkansas Freeway Names

John Price adds some additional background about the Interstate System in Arkansas:

  • Interstate 30’s original name in Downtown Little Rock was “The Little Rock Expressway” from the Arkansas River to University Avenue.
  • Interstate 630’s original name before being named for “Sen. Wilbur Mills” was “The 8th Street Expressway.”
  • Interstate 430 was informally called that “West Belt Freeway” and sometimes “Rockefeller Highway” before it was named in 2004 as the “Purple Heart Highway.”
  • Interstate 440 in Little Rock is often referred on maps as the “East Belt Freeway.”
  • Interstate 40 in Arkansas was named the “Veterans Memorial Highway.”
  • The U.S. 67/167 freeway in central Arkansas is often called “The Jacksonville Freeway” because this road originally ended in Jacksonville at the Air Base Exit for Little Rock Air Force Base. This freeway continues today to Newport.
  • In Western Arkansas, I-540 between I-40 and Bentonville is named the “John Paul Hammerschmidt Freeway” in honor of northwest Arkansas’s former U.S. Representative.

High Priority Corridor

Interstate 30 is part of High Priority Corridor 55: Dallas to Memphis via Little Rock between Dallas and Little Rock.

History

Within Texas, IH 30 was an original Interstate Highway, and it was approved by the Texas State Highway Commission in 1962 with 240 miles.2 The 32-mile long Dallas-Fort Turnpike was added to Interstate 30 in 1978.

Dallas-Fort Worth Turnpike

The origins of the Dallas-Fort Worth Turnpike can be traced back to 1953 when the Texas Toll Authority was formed. This organization was given the responsibility to oversee toll road construction conducted by private parties. In 1954, construction began on what was the first tolled facility in the Lone Star State. The limited-access highway opened to traffic in 1957 at a cost of $59 million.3

The turnpike did not come without compromise however. To sell the idea to the city of Arlington, an east-west connection to Grand Prairie was required. This was accomplished by constructing SH 303, the Pioneer Parkway, which was completed in 1960.1

Also tangled in the politics of the turnpike was the 1950s routing of IH 20 in south Arlington. Support garnered from the city of Arlington aided in directing the planned alignment of the route through southern reaches of the municipality, which was then rural at the time. Completed several decades later, IH 20 accelerated growth and economic prosperity of the city.4

Turnpike bonds were paid off 17 years ahead of schedule. As a result, the toll road was turned over to the state.5 Tolls were then dropped along the highway in 1978.6 IH 30 was previously the only Interstate highway in Texas to have ever been tolled. This changed with approval of IH 169 along the SH 550 toll road at Brownsville in 2015.

Route Information

  • West End – Fort Worth, TX

  • East End – Little Rock, AR

  • Branch Routes – 3
  • Total Mileage – 366.76

Texas – 223.74

  • Cities – Fort Worth, Dallas, Greenville, Sulphur Springs, Mount Pleasant, Texarkana

  • Junctions IH 369

Arkansas – 143.02

  • Cities – Texarkana, Hope, Arkadelphia, Malvern, Benton, Little Rock

  • Junctions

Source: December 31, 2018 Interstate Route Log and Finders List

Aerial view of the IH 30 & 45 symmetrical stack interchange in Dallas during 1970 construction. IH-45 was completed later than other freeways in Dallas due to stiff community opposition.

This photo is part of an Dallas Urban History set contributed by Justin Cozart.

Interstate 30 crossing Lake Hubbard east of Dallas, Texas. The interchange pictured here joins the freeway with Darlock Road between two causeways.

This photo was part of an aerial set covering Dallas area roads shot by Justin Cozart.

Interstate 30 through southwest Arkansas – 1971.

The final portion of Interstate 30 completed in Arkansas was the stretch between Hope (Exit 30) and Prescott (Exit 45).

DFW Turnpike - 1972
The Dallas-Fort Worth Turnpike in 1972. The toll road ran east from Oakland Boulevard in Fort Worth to IH 35E in Dallas. Most interchanges along the route consisted of trumpets with access roads connecting adjoining roads.

Texarkana

Through Texarkana, Interstate 30 was upgraded during construction for both I-49 and IH 369. Improvements along the freeway included a new welcome center / rest area built near the Mandeville interchange (Exit 7), replacing the former facility between Exit 1 / Jefferson Avenue and Exit 2 / Arkansas Highway 245. This was completed in 2004.

The interchanges with Jefferson Avenue and Four States Parkway (former Highway 245) were improved after 2004 with wider overpasses built for both roadways across I-30. That work preceded construction to modify the cloverleaf with State Line Avenue (U.S. 59/71) into a split diamond interchange and the relocation of for Summerhill Road (SH 93 south / FM 1397 north) and Jefferson Avenue.7

Little Rock

Interstate 30 between Sevier Street in Benton and University Avenue in Little Rock replaced a two lane alignment built for U.S. 67/70 in the mid-1950s. Known as New Benton Highway, the route utilized what is now southbound University Avenue and the westbound roadway of I-30. Two lanes were added to New Benton Highway before the upgrade to I-30 by 1961. The former alignment of U.S. 67/70 was later designated as Highway 5, which separates from I-30 north from Exit 118.8

University Avenue (U.S. 70B) extends north from Interstate 30 at Exit 132 in Little Rock. This route was originally a part of Business Loop I-30. The University name was first applied to the section north of Asher Avenue, which was originally named Hayes Street after the 19th President, in 1957.  University Avenue displaced New Benton Highway on the arterial between Interstate 30 and Asher Avenue in the 1970’s. New Benton Highway remained along the I-30 frontage road system until the mid-1980’s, when the city of Little Rock renamed the roadway as I-30.8

Interstate 30 from Sevier Street (Exit 116) in Benton east to Exit 133 (Geyer Springs Road) in Little Rock was upgraded starting in 2002. The work involved upgrading several bridges and widening the freeway to three lanes in each direction. Construction at the exchange with Baseline Road/Mabelvale Pike built a new underpass, eliminating a two-way section of the south access road between Baseline Road and Mabelvale Pike. The wye interchange at University Avenue was modified with the addition of loop ramps in 2005. Previous work in the late 1990’s extended University Avenue one mile south of I-30.8

Work finished in March 2006 completed the freeway expansion east of the interchange with Congo Road at milepost 120 to Geyer Springs Road. Improvements at the trumpet interchange with I-430 added a second lane from Exit 129 eastbound.9

Interstate 30 Extension

Proposals once outlined an extension of I-30 northeast along the U.S. 67 corridor through north-central Arkansas into Missouri via Searcy, Newport, Pocahontas and Poplar Bluff. As envisioned, Interstate 30 would turn east along U.S. 60 and connect with I-57 at Sikeston. Interstate 730, a freeway spur between Swifton and Jonesboro, was advocated by the Jonesboro Regional Chamber of Commerce in anticipation that U.S. 67 would be renumbered as I-30. According to the Poplar Bluff Daily American Republic,10

If U.S. 67 is four-laned all the way to St. Louis, it likely would become part of an extended Interstate 30, which now runs from Dallas to North Little Rock.

However, language inserted in Fiscal Year 2017 Transportation, Housing and Urban Development on April 21, 2016 designates the U.S. 67 freeway in Arkansas as Future I-57. A provision included in language also allows interstate standard stretches of U.S. 67 to be immediately resigned as Interstate 57.11

Highway Guides

East End  US 65 US 67 – Little Rock, Arkansas

I-30 East US 65 US 67 North at I-40

I-30 east at I-40 - North Little Rock, AR

Interstate 30 eastbound crosses the Arkansas River northward into the city of North Little Rock. The freeway concludes at I-40, 1.25 miles beyond the exchange with U.S. 70 (Exit 141B). Photo taken 05/20/14.

I-30 east at I-40 - North Little Rock, AR

Traffic partitions with two lanes for I-40 west to Fort Smith and Oklahoma City, Oklahoma and I-40 east and U.S. 67/167 north to Jacksonville and Memphis, Tennessee respectively. U.S. 67/167 overlap with I-30 through Little Rock, but are generally not posted. Photo taken 05/20/14.

I-30 east at I-40 - North Little Rock, AR

U.S. 65 joins Interstate 40 west from I-30, 28 miles to Conway. U.S. 67/167 branch northeast from I-40 in 1.1 miles toward Searcy. U.S. 67 doubles as Future Interstate 57 to Walnut Ridge and Poplar Bluff, Missouri. Photo taken 05/20/14.

Throwback – I-30 East at I-40

Diagrammatic signs replaced separate overheads for I-40 on I-30 east from the Curtis Sykes Drive underpass to the separation of Exit 143. Photos taken by Steve Hanudel (08/18/05).

I-40 East US 65 South at I-30 US 67

I-40/US 65 east at I-30 - North Little Rock, AR
I-40/US 65 east at I-30 - North Little Rock, AR

Interstate 40 winds through Burns Park, passing north of Big Rock Mountain two miles out from the three-wye interchange (Exit 153B) with I-30 and U.S. 67/167. Photos taken 05/20/14.

I-40/US 65 east at I-30 - North Little Rock, AR

Exit 153A departs I-40 east for Highway 107 (John F. Kennedy Drive), just ahead of I-30 and the split with U.S. 65 south. The south segment of Highway 107 begins here and heads northward to Sherwood and Little Rock Air Force Base. Photo taken 05/20/14.

I-40/US 65 east at I-30 - North Little Rock, AR

Interstate 30 travels 2.2 miles south with U.S. 65/67/167 to Downtown Little Rock. Photo taken 05/20/14.

I-40 West US 67 South at I-30 US 65

I-40/US 67 west at I-30 - North Little Rock, AR

U.S. 67/167 combine with I-40 westbound ahead of the parclo interchange (Exit 154) with North Hills Boulevard. The three routes proceed west one mile to split at Interstate 30 and U.S. 65. Photo taken 05/07/12.

I-40/US 67 west at I-30 - North Little Rock, AR

U.S. 67/167 combines with I-30 west and U.S. 65 south from I-40 via Left Exit 153B. Although generally unmarked along Interstate 30, U.S. 65/67/167 overlap with the freeway south through Little Rock. I-40 continues west from North Little Rock 150 miles to Fort Smith. Photo taken 05/07/12.

I-30 West

I-30 west at US 70 - North Little Rock, AR

The first confirming marker for Interstate 30 appears between Exit 142 (Curtis Sykes Drive) and 141B (U.S. 70). Photo taken 05/07/12.

West End  – Fort Worth, Texas

I-20 East at I-30

IH 20 east at IH 30 - Fort Worth, TX
IH 20 east at IH 30 - Fort Worth, TX

IH 20 advances east from the city of Willow Park to meet FM 3327 and FM 1187, 1.25 miles ahead of the split with IH 30. Photos taken 08/06/19.

IH 20 east at IH 30 - Fort Worth, TX

Entering the Ft. Worth city limits, eastbound IH 20 expands to four lanes leading into the wye interchange (Exit 421) with IH 30. Photo taken 08/06/19.

IH 20 east at IH 30 - Fort Worth, TX

The IH 20 mainline defaults onto IH 30 toward White Settlement and Downtown Fort Worth. IH 20 shifts southward along a rural stretch to Benbrook. Photo taken 08/06/19.

IH 30 east at IH 20 - Fort Worth, TX

The first confirming marker for IH 30 east stands just beyond the separation with IH 20. Downtown Fort Worth follows in 14 miles. Photo taken 08/06/19.

I-30 West at I-20

IH 30 west at IH 20 - Fort Worth, TX
IH 30 west at IH 20 - Fort Worth, TX

IH 30 concludes just across the Parker County line at IH 20 west of Walsh Ranch Parkway. Photos taken by Robert Lee (06/02/06).

I-20 West at I-30

IH 20 west at IH 30 - Fort Worth, TX
IH 20 west at IH 30 - Fort Worth, TX

IH 20 converges with the IH 30 at a wye interchange on the rural west side of Fort Worth. There is no access to IH 30 east from this direction. Photos taken 08/06/19.

Sources:

  1. “Texas Handbook.” http://www.tsha.utexas.edu/handbook/online/articles/view/TT/hct1.html
  2. “From Anywhere to Everywhere: The Development of the Interstate Highway System in Texas” by Penny Beaumont, Rhonda Brinkmann, David Ellis, Chris Pourteau, and Brandon V. Webb, Texas Transportation Institute, page 29. http://tti.tamu.edu/interstate_anniversary/white_paper/
  3. http://www.hntb.com/offices/office.cfm?city=1
  4. “Politics of Arlington Texas.” Book Review by Steve Labinski. http://texana.texascooking.com/books/politicsarlingtontexas.htm
  5. Texas Tollways – F.A.Q. http://www.texastollways.com/tta/faq.asp TXDOT Texas Turnpike Authority Division.
  6. “Putting Customers in the Driver’s Seat: The Case for Tolls.” Reason Public Policy Institute, November 2000.
  7. “Interstate undergoing many changes.” Texarkana Gazette, October 17, 2003.
  8. Price, John; Personal Email, 12/10/04
  9. Price, John; Personal Email, “RE: I-30 Little Rock/Benton 3-lane nears completion” (03/24/06)
  10. “Ark., Mo. leaders share 67 plans.” Poplar Bluff Daily American Republic, David Hammer, April 23, 2004.
  11. John Boozman United States Senator for Arkansas. (Apr 25, 2016). “Boozman Provision in Appropriations Bill Paves Way for Interstate Status of U.S. 67.” [Press release]. Retrieved from http://www.boozman.senate.gov/public/index.cfm/
    2016/4/boozman-provision-in-appropriations-bill-paves-way-for-interstate-status-of-u-s-67

Page updated August 15, 2019.