Interstate 895 New York

Routing

Interstate 895 follows the Sheridan Expressway north from Interstate 278 (Bruckner Expressway) to Interstate 95 (Cross Bronx Expressway) for a little more than a mile in Bronx, New York. A wye interchange at the south end includes a left-hand ramp from I-278 east to I-895 north. This configuration remains from when I-278 took the Sheridan Expressway north to the Cross Bronx Expressway. The freeway otherwise travels a viaduct north to Westchester Avenue and at grade level from there to I-95, all while paralleling the Bronx River. The north end of I-895 provides connections with I-95 south and East 177th Street by Tremont Avenue.

An application for the elimination of Interstate 895 was approved by AASHTO at the Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering meeting held on September 24, 2017. The approval allows work on a TIGER II study to convert the freeway into at-grade boulevard with three signalized intersections.1

History

The Sheridan Expressway between the Bruckner Expressway and I-95 (Cross Bronx Expressway) was completed in 19631 and designated as Interstate 278. Plan at the time extended the freeway 5.2 miles to the New England Thruway (I-95) in the north Bronx as the northernmost leg of Interstate 278. Community opposition however halted work on the route beyond the Cross Bronx Expressway, ultimately leading to its cancellation.

AASHTO deleted I-278 along the unbuilt Sheridan Expressway on June 23, 1969 while renumbering the remaining portion of the freeway as Interstate 895. The meeting also redesignated the Bruckner Expressway east from the Sheridan as I-278 in place of Interstate 878.

Discussion in the mid-2000s involved removing the Sheridan Expressway and converting the freeway into a surface road and linear park. Community leaders started advocating for the expressway removal in the mid 1990s, but the idea had not gained enough traction to move forward. New York State DOT (NYSDOT) rejected a similar proposal to remove the freeway in July 2010, citing traffic analysis that forced traffic onto local streets. Local advocated turned their attention to the city level, leading to a $1.5 million TIGER grant from the U.S. DOT to study the removal. This led to a study released by the city in June 2013 recommending a surface road with wide sidewalks and planted buffers. City Council endorsed the plan in March 2014. The plan was eventually approved by NYSDOT,2 and the 2016-17 state budget agreement made in March 2016 included $97 million to decommission the Sheridan Expressway and create an urban boulevard.3

The MPO passed a resolution in April 2017 to reclassify Interstate 895 as an at-grade Urban Arterial. NYSDOT proposals retain the ramp connections at both I-278 to the south and I-95 to the north, with the arterial remaining on the National Network of Qualifying Highways, permitting truck access. The route will be renumbered as New York 895.1

Southern Terminus - Interstate 278 - Bronx, New York City, New York
Perspective from Interstate 895 south
Interstate 895 (Sheridan Expressway) defaults onto I-278 westbound at the southern terminus via a wye interchange. The Bruckner Expressway (Interstate 278) continues to angle southwest to the southern terminus of Interstate 87 (Major Deegan Expressway) before entering the Triborough (RFK) Bridge system at Randalls Island. Photo taken 08/09/04.
Perspective from Interstate 278 east
Interstate 895 forms a connector between I-278 (Bruckner Expressway) east to -95 (Cross-Bronx Expressway). Initial control points for the Sheridan Expressway reflect connections with the George Washington Bridge and East Tremont Avenue. Photo taken 08/09/04.
A viaduct leads I-278 (Bruckner Expressway) east toward Exit 49 (formerly 46) for I-895 (Sheridan Expressway) north. There are approximately two miles of I-278 remaining before the Bruckner Expressway merges with Interstate 95 north. Older control points featured New England for Interstate 278 east to I-95 north and the Throgs Neck Bridge for the connection to Interstate 295 (Cross Bronx Expressway) south. Photo taken 08/09/04.
Mid 2000s sign replacements changed Exit 46 to Exit 49 and East Tremont Avenue to East 177th Street for I-895 (Sheridan Expressway) north. New England was replaced with New Haven, Connecticut for the continuation of the Bruckner on I-95 north. Photo taken 08/09/04.
Interstate 278 takes a sharp curve at the wye interchange (Exit 49) with the Sheridan Expressway north. The freeway crosses the Bronx River to the immediate east as I-895 quickly reaches the Westchester Avenue off-ramp to Hunts Point Market and Industrial Park. Photo taken 08/09/04.
An on-ramp merges onto I-895 north from Bruckner Boulevard and Hunts Point Avenue below the I-278 viaduct beyond what was the first northbound reassurance marker. This shield went missing by 2005 and was not replaced as of 2014. Photo taken by Douglas Kerr (09/14/02).
Northern Terminus - Interstate 95 - Bronx, New York City, New York
Perspective from Interstate 895 north
Interstate 895 advances one half mile from the Westchester Avenue and NYC Transit Subway - Line 6 over crossing to meet Interstate 95 (Cross Bronx Expressway) south. Photo taken 08/29/05.
There is no direct connection from I-895 north to Interstate 95 (Cross Bronx Expressway) north. It is assumed that through traffic to the New England Thruway would have used Interstate 278 (Bruckner Expressway) east. An at-grade connection is available otherwise to I-95 north via East 177th Street and ramps at Bronx River Parkway. Photo taken 08/29/05.
Approaching the East 174th Street overpass, Interstate 895 (Sheridan Expressway) north separates into one lane ramps for Interstate 95 (Cross Bronx Expressway) south to the George Washington Bridge and East 177th Street to Tremont Avenue. Photo taken 08/29/05.
A loop ramp joins the north end of the Sheridan Expressway with the Cross Bronx Expressway west to New Jersey. Photo taken 08/29/05.
The left-hand lane of I-895 curves east across the Bronx River to intersect East 177th Street and Devoe Avenue at a signalized intersection. Photo taken 08/29/05.
Devoe Avenue and East 177th Street north connect the Sheridan Expressway end with Tremont Avenue. Photo taken 08/29/05.
East 177th Street leads motorists east to Bronx River Avenue and the Cross Bronx Expressway frontage roads by the northbound on-ramp to Interstate 95. Photo taken 08/29/05.
Bronx River Parkway travels north from Bruckner Boulevard to Mount Vernon and White Plains. The parkway is only accessible in the northbound direction from the Cross Bronx Expressway service roads beyond East 177th Street. Photo taken 08/29/05.
Historical Perspective from Interstate 95 north
Northbound Interstate 95 (Cross Bronx Expressway) reached Exit 2B for Webster Avenue and the separation with U.S. 1 north. The one-mile guide sign for Interstate 895 (Sheridan Expressway) was removed by 2011 and replaced with a pull through panel referencing New Haven. Photo taken 06/26/05.
0.3 miles ahead of Interstate 895 south, the Cross-Bronx Expressway was remarkably free flowing on this day. Button copy signs for I-895 used the Interstate 278 control point of Triboro Bridge. Replacement signs reference RFK Bridge and Hunts Point Market. Photo taken 06/26/05.
The Bronx River Housing Project rises to the east as Exit 4A for the southbound beginning of Interstate 895 departed from the right. Photo taken 06/26/05.

Sources:

  1. Meeting Minutes, Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering. https://route.transportation.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/50/2017/06/USRN-01-Minutes-and-Application-results_-AM-Phoenix-2017.pdf AASHTO, September 24, 2017.
  2. "Sheridan Expressway Removal Gets $97 Million Boost in State Budget." Streetsblog NYC, April 5, 2016.
  3. "Governor Cuomo Announces New York City Highlights of the 2016-17 State Budget Agreement." (New York) Governor's Press Office, April 1, 2016.

Page Updated October 11, 2017.

Mileage

State New York
Mileage 1.12
Cities New York City, Bronx
Junctions I-278, I-95
Source: December 31, 2016 Interstate Route Log and Finders List
I-895 New York Annual Average Daily Traffic

From: To: AADT Composite
I-278 Westchester Av 30,800
Westchester Av I-95 41,100
Source: NYSDOT 2002 Traffic Volume Report
Bronx, New York - 1961
Future markers for I-278 and I-878 appear along side Bruckner Boulevard as the Bruckner Expressway had yet to be built in 1961.
Bronx, New York - 1971
Numbering changes made in 1969 for Interstates 278 and 878 in the Bronx coincided with several others city wide. I-495 was removed from the canceled Mid Manhattan Expressway, I-678 was redirected from the Grand Central Parkway west from Flushing onto the rest of the Van Wyck south and I-78 was renumbered as I-295 along the Clearview Expressway and Throgs Neck Bridge.