Interstate 440 Tennessee

Nashville map - Interstate-Guide

Interstate 440 provides the preferred through route to Interstate 40 around central Nashville.

Routing

Named "The Four-Forty Parkway", Interstate 440 provides a southern Bypass of Downtown Nashville between I-40 near Sylvan Heights and I-24 near Woodbine. The urban loop carries four lanes with added auxiliary lanes southeast to the symmetrical stack interchange with I-65 at Berry Hill and six lanes east from there to Interstate 24.

History

The 7.64 mile loop was proposed for decades before the first layers of concrete were poured.1 Community opposition to the route arose through the 1970s, with community activists and citizens groups including the "Nashvillians Against I-440" delaying progress on the route. A lawsuit was filed in 1981 to stop construction on I-440, but a judge ruled that the route would not adversely impact the natural environmental and that adequate procedures were followed by the state. Work finally broke ground in 1982, with demolition of homes along Primrose Circle (east of Exit 3) and clearing of a railroad gulch.2

Concerns from area residents led to TDOT adopting extraordinary measures in construction of the road. Blasting efforts to remove rock along the below grade sections of Interstate 440 were required to minimize noise and combustible pollutants. Roadway design was also altered to beautify and better blend in the freeway with the adjacent area. A truck ban was proposed for the route as well.2

Interstate 440 opened initially in 19862. The completed section ran between Interstates 65 and 24 per the 1986 Rand McNally and Gousha North American Road Atlases. The remaining portion from I-65 to Interstate 40 opened in 1987.3 Outside of pavement repairs, the parkway remains mostly unchanged, with the exception of a third eastbound lane added between I-65 and U.S. 31A & 41A (Nolensville Pike) in 2012-13.2

Highway Guides

Western Terminus - Interstate 40 - west Nashville, Tennessee
Perspective from Interstate 440 west
Interstate 440 turns northward at its final mainline interchange with Murphy Road. Pictured here is the 0.75 mile diagrammatic sign for Interstate 40. Photo taken by Chris Patriarca (05/18/03).
One half mile south of the western terminus of Interstate 440. Two lanes are available for Interstate 40 west to Memphis and Interstate 40 east to downtown Nashville. Photo taken by Chris Patriarca (05/18/03).
Interstate 440 concludes. Interstate 40 travels three miles to the east into downtown Nashville. Westward Interstate 40 meets Tennessee 155/Briley Parkway in two miles and the city of Memphis in 191 miles. Photo taken by Chris Patriarca (05/18/03).
Perspective from Interstate 40 east
Interstate 40 eastbound at the 46th Avenue North interchange, one mile west of the split with Interstate 440 at Exit 206. Through traffic to Knoxville via Interstate 40 east is advised to bypass the central business district of Nashville via Interstate 440. Photo taken by Chris Patriarca (05/18/03).
The Nashville International Airport is situated in east Nashville at Interstate 40 Exit 216. Again through traffic interests are advised to bypass downtown to the airport via Interstate 440 east. Photo taken by Chris Patriarca (05/18/03).
One half mile west of the Interstate 40/440 split on Interstate 40 eastbound. Two lanes facilitate traffic to the south bypass of Nashville as Interstate 40 continues eastward with three lanes to Interstate 65 and downtown. Photo taken by Chris Patriarca (05/18/03).
The diagrammatic overhead for Exit 206 Pictured above is the replacement of this version seen eight years earlier. An auxiliary guide sign in the background with the control cities of Birmingham and Chattanooga for the Interstate 440 connections with Interstate 65 and 24 also was replaced (see next photograph). Photo taken 05/26/95.
Exit 206 auxiliary overhead for Interstate 440 east. Interstate 440 meets Interstate 65 in five miles and concludes at Interstate 24 in eight miles. Photo taken by Chris Patriarca (05/18/03).
Interstate 40 turns to the northeast toward downtown Nashville. Interstate 440 eastbound curves southward to U.S. 70S/Tennessee 1 and U.S. 431 before meeting Interstate 65 near Berry Hill. Photo taken by Chris Patriarca (05/18/03).
Perspective from Interstate 40 west
Interstate 40 westbound turns to the south at Exit 207/28th Avenue North, 0.75 miles out from the Interstate 440 western terminus. Tennessee State University is situated just to the west of Exit 207 and north of Exit 206/Interstate 440. Photo taken by Chris Patriarca (05/18/03).
Westbound Interstate 40 westbound expands to four lanes as it nears Interstate 440/Exit 206. There are three remaining interchanges along Interstate 40 within the city limits of Nashville. Photo taken by Chris Patriarca (05/18/03).
Interstate 440 eastbound split from Interstate 40 west. Interstate 40 turns back to the west en route to the city of Jackson in 126 miles as Interstate 440 travels southward 104 miles north of Huntsville and 185 miles north of Birmingham, Alabama. Photo taken by Chris Patriarca (05/18/03).
Eastern Terminus - Interstate 24 - southeast Nashville, Tennessee
Perspective from Interstate 440 east
Interstate 440 eastbound within the Exit 6 partial-cloverleaf interchange of Alternate U.S. 31/41 and Tennessee 11 (Nolensville Road). A diagrammatic overhead prepares motorists for the terminus interchange at Interstate 24. In the background is a CSX Railroad overpass. Photo taken by Chris Patriarca (05/18/03).
Interstate 440 eastbound with just two through lanes nears the terminus at Interstate 24. There are many rock cuts on both Interstates 40 and 440 in the city of Nashville. Photo taken by Chris Patriarca (05/18/03).
A third diagrammatic overhead is in place for the roadway partition of Interstate 440 into lanes for Interstate 24 east and west. The brackets above the left portion of the panel are not from an exit tab, but from the original sign configuration (See next image). Photo taken by Chris Patriarca (05/18/03).
Interstate 440 eastbound at the Stirton Road overpass with the original guide signs in place for Interstate 24 and 40 eastbound. Vidcap taken 05/25/95.
Interstate 440 eastbound concludes. Interstate 24 will merge into Interstate 40 one mile to the north. Southward Interstate 24 sees another three interchange within the Nashville city limits as the highway continues another 24 miles to Mufreesboro. Photo taken by Chris Patriarca (05/18/03).
Perspective from Interstate 24 west
Overhead sign assembly for Exits 54/Tennessee 155 and Exit 53/Interstate 440 west. The Briley Parkway makes up a northern beltline for the city of Nashville, representing a full freeway north of Interstate 40. Photo taken by Chris Patriarca (05/18/03).
Now within the Exit 54 cloverleaf interchange with Tennessee 155, Interstate 24 prepares to meet the westbound beginning of Interstate 440 and the two mile overlap with Interstate 40. Traffic interests to western Tennessee including the city of Memphis are advised to take Interstate 440 west. Photo taken by Chris Patriarca (05/18/03).
Interstate 24 westbound prepares to split with Interstate 440 west. Mixed in with the terminus interchange and the Interstate 24 merge onto Interstate 40 west, are ramps with U.S. 41/70S - Lafayette Street and Murfreesboro Pike. Photo taken by Chris Patriarca (05/18/03).
Westbound Interstate 440 begins as Interstate 24 closes in on Exit 52A/B with Interstate 40. Downtown Nashville is just four miles to the north with the Nashville International Airport four miles to the east. Photo taken by Chris Patriarca (05/18/03).
Perspective from Interstate 24/40 east
Eastbound on the Interstate 24/40 overlap at the Elm Hill Pike overpass. This auxiliary panel indicates to motorists that Interstate 440 west and U.S. 41/Murfreesboro Pike traffic should stay on Interstate 24 east. Photo taken by Chris Patriarca (05/18/03).
Branching southward from Interstate 40 east on Interstate 24. Before Interstate 24 encounters Interstate 440 west/Exit 53, a cloverleaf ramp facilitates traffic to U.S. 41 at Exit 52. Photo taken by Chris Patriarca (05/18/03).
Four roadways can be seen in this Interstate 24 eastbound scene. From left to right is the Interstate 24 west mainline, the ramp from Interstate 440 east to Interstate 24 west, the Interstate 40 westbound ramp to Interstate 24 east/Interstate 440 west, and the Interstate 24 eastbound mainline. Photo taken by Chris Patriarca (05/18/03).
Interstate 24 eastbound at Exit 53/Interstate 440 west. Traffic to Interstate 24 east from Interstate 40 westbound will merge in from the left ahead. Photo taken by Chris Patriarca (05/18/03).
Perspective from Interstate 40 west
Westbound Interstate 40 as it nears Exits 213B/A for Interstate 24 east/Interstate 440 west. Interstate 440 again is signed for through traffic as it bypasses downtown to the south. Photo taken by Chris Patriarca (05/18/03).
Yet another diagrammatic sign for Interstate 440 is posted. Interstate 40 maintains just two through lanes between the Interstate 24 east/440 west ramp departure and Interstate 24 westbound ramp merge. Exit 213 for Spence Lane is placed just before the Interstate 24 overlap begin. Photo taken by Chris Patriarca (05/18/03).
Westbound Interstate 40 at Exit 213/Spence Lane. This local roadway connects with U.S. 41 to the south and U.S. 70 to the north. The Interstate 40 mainline is now signed as Exit 213B. Photo taken by Chris Patriarca (05/18/03).
Interstate 40 turns to the northwest with Interstate 24 to downtown Nashville. Southward Exit 213A departs for Interstate 24 east and Interstate 440 west to south Nashville, Berry Hill, and Oak Hill. Photo taken by Chris Patriarca (05/18/03).
Traffic from Interstate 40 westbound is segregated from the Interstate 24 eastbound mainline until after the departure of Interstate 440 west. The Interstate 440 westbound ramp however, retains an Interstate 24 exit number of 53. Photo taken by Chris Patriarca (05/18/03).
Nearing the Exit 213A split of Interstate 24 east and Interstate 440 west. 19 miles to the south is Exit 74 with the Tennessee 840 Nashville perimeter highway. Photo taken by Chris Patriarca (05/18/03).
Interstate 440 westbound begins from Interstate 40. The left lane merges with the Interstate 24 mainline in just one eighth of a mile. Interstate 440 sees its symmetrical stack interchange with Interstate 65 in just two miles. Photo taken by Chris Patriarca (05/18/03).

Sources:

  1. "BYGONE DAYS - AUG. 13." Commercial Appeal, The (Memphis, TN), August 13, 2004.
  2. "Interstate 440 turns 25 with a history of successes and setbacks." The City Paper (Nashville, TN), August 7, 2011.
  3. "I-440 eastbound to be closed 10 weekends into fall." Associated Press State Wire: Tennessee (TN), June 24, 2013.

Page Updated February 11, 2016.

Mileage

State Tennessee
Mileage 7.64
Cities Nashville
Junctions I-40, I-65, I-24
Source: December 31, 2016 Interstate Route Log and Finders List
I-440 Tennessee Annual Average Daily Traffic
From To AADT Composite
I-40 Exit 1/ U.S 70S West End Ave. 79,050
Exit 1/ U.S 70S West End Ave. Exit 3/ U.S. 431 Hillsboro Pike 94,390
Exit 3/ U.S. 431 Hillsboro Pike Exit 5/ I-65 111,010
Exit 5/ I-65 Exit 6/ U.S. 31A & 41A 102,280
Exit 6/ U.S. 31A & 41A Interstate 24 96,530
Source: Traffic Flow Maps Tennessee Roads and Streets 2002 (TDOT)
Nashville inset - 1986 Tennessee Official Highway Map
Interstate 440 is the lone remaining three-digit Interstate in Nashville. I-265 to the north of Downtown was renumbered as part of a realignment of I-65 in 2000.
Nashville Inset - 1986 Gousha North American Road Atlas
Interstate 440 opened first between Berry Hill and I-24 by Cunningham Heights.