Interstate 391 Massachusetts


Interstate 391 follows the Connecticut River from Springfield to Holyoke. While it crosses the Connecticut near Holyoke, for most of its route it is on the eastern side of the Connecticut River. Its parent, Interstate 91, is on the western side of the river.


Interstate 391 was designated in 1965, with construction beginning in 1967 and ending in 1982.1

Southern Terminus - Interstate 91 - Springfield, Massachusetts
Perspective from Interstate 391 south
Interstate 391 travels south across the Connecticut River into Chicopee from Holyoke. The freeway leaves the interchange with Massachusetts 141 (Grattan Street) and quickly encounters the two-mile overhead for Interstate 91 (Exits 1A/B). Photo taken 06/28/05.
An end sign advises motorists of the Interstate 391 terminal interchange 1.75 miles north of Interstate 91. Photo taken 06/28/05.
Interstate 391 passes underneath Interstate 90 (Massachusetts Turnpike) with no direct access. The freeway interchanges with Massachusetts 116 (Chicopee Street) just south of the crossing at Exit 3. The state highway meets Interstate 391 again at Exit 2, one quarter mile north of Interstate 91, and just south of the Chicopee River. Photo taken 06/28/05.
Interstate 391 makes its final approach to the junction with Interstate 91 (Exits 1A/B). The mainline defaults onto Interstate 91 southbound for downtown Springfield and Hartford, Connecticut. Photo taken 06/28/05.
Traffic on Interstate 391 splits between Interstate 91 north and south at the final interchange (Exits 1A/1B). Interstate 91 northbound does a U-turn for Interstate 391 motorists and thus is given the control point of West Springfield for the Exit 13 interchange of U.S. 5 one mile to the west. Traffic continuing southward will see the Interstate 91 travel-lanes merging from the right. Photo taken 06/28/05.
Perspective from Interstate 91 south
Access to Interstate 391 northbound is provided to southbound Interstate 91 travelers at Exit 12. Interstate 91 turns east from U.S. 5 (Riverdale Street) to cross the Connecticut River perpendicular between West Springfield and Chicopee. Photo taken 06/28/05.
An unusual symmetrical interchange joins Interstate 91 with U.S. 5 (Riverdale Street) at Exit 12. Riverdale Street comprises a busy surface arterial through West Springfield within the vicinity of Interstate 91. Pictured here is the 0.75-mile overhead for Interstate 391 at the Exit 13A ramp departure from U.S. 5 below. Photo taken 06/28/05.
Interstate 91 crosses the Connecticut River Bridge on the approach to Exit 12 and Interstate 391 north. The freeway turns southward after the span toward downtown Springfield and Interstate 291 (Exit 8). Interstate 391 meanwhile spurs northward into Chicopee and Holyoke. Photo taken 06/28/05.
After crossing the Connecticut River, Interstate 91 turns from an eastward orientation to the south. Interstate 391 ties into this right angle, stemming from the north and Chicopee. The two mile guide sign for Interstate 291/Exit 8 is displayed on this sign bridge even though Exits 11-9 still await southbound motorists. Photo taken 06/28/05.
Perspective from Interstate 91 north
Interstate 91 northbound leaves downtown Springfield and reaches the Exit 10 off-ramp to Massachusetts 116 (Main Street). A diagrammatic overhead outlines the upcoming split between Interstates 91 and 391 (Exit 12). Photo taken 06/28/05.
This upcoming exits sign lists the mileage to interchanges serving the city of Holyoke. Included is Interstate 391 (Exit 12) and Exits 15, 16, and 17A. Holyoke lies north and west of the Connecticut River. Photo taken 06/28/05.
The interchange between Interstate 91 and 391 resides at Atwater Park along side the Connecticut River. Interstate 91 spans the waterway into Greenfield while Interstate 391 ventures north toward the Chicopee and the Holyoke city center. Photo taken 06/28/05.
Interstate 391 departs via Exit 12 as Interstate 91 north turns west to cross the Connecticut River. Interstate 391 features interchanges with Massachusetts 116 within the first two miles. Photo taken 06/28/05.
Perspective from Interstate 391 north
Like many other Massachusetts Interstate highways, Interstate 391 includes a begin shield posted after its departure from Interstate 291. Photo taken 06/28/05.
Northern Terminus - U.S. 202 - Holyoke, Massachusetts
Perspective from the Interstate 391 north
Interstate 391 nears its span across the Connecticut River one mile south of the freeway end in Holyoke. Exit 5 departs ahead for Main Street in Holyoke. Photo taken 06/28/05.
A half-diamond interchange joins Interstate 391 northbound with Main Street at the north end of the Connecticut River bridge. A second Road Ends warning sign resides at the Exit 5 ramp departure. Photo taken 06/28/05.
Interstate 391 enters the city of Holyoke along a six-lane viaduct between the river and Exit 6 wye interchange with Commercial Street. The freeway defaults onto Resnic Boulevard northbound ahead of its intersection with High Street at the Interstate 391 conclusion. Photo taken 06/28/05.
Exit 6 leaves Interstate 391 northbound for Commercial Street northbound to Connecticut 141 (Appleton Street). High Street parallels Commercial Street one block to the north. Photo taken 06/28/05.
The freeway passes over the Exit 6 southbound on-ramp ahead of the traffic light at High Street. Photo taken 06/28/05.
Interstate 391 northbound draws to a close at the intersection of Resnic Boulevard north and High Street east. Resnic Boulevard travels a short distance north to the intersection of Franklin Street and U.S. 202 (Beech Street). Photo taken 06/28/05.
Perspective from Maple Street west
Maple Street flows westbound and meets the one-way street couplet of Resnic Boulevard north of High Street and Interstate 391. Pictured here is the Maple Street intersection with Resnic Boulevard southbound. Interstate 391 begins in one block. Photo taken 06/28/05.
Perspective from Resnic Boulevard / Kay Avenue south
Resnic Boulevard transitions into Kay Avenue south of High Street. Kay Avenue partitions with the Interstate 391 freeway beginning for South Street. A traffic light governs the movements of Resnic Boulevard and High Street. Photo taken 06/28/05.
Kay Avenue southbound at its split with Interstate 391 south. Interstate 391 elevates onto a six-lane viaduct from the Exit 6 on-ramp (Commercial Street) to the Connecticut River crossing. Kay Avenue otherwise defaults onto South Street three blocks ahead of Main Street. Photo taken 06/28/05.
Interstate 391 southbound commences on its drive toward Chicopee and Springfield (Interstate 91). Photo taken 06/28/05.
The first southbound reassurance marker resides at the Commercial Street westbound on-ramp underpass to Interstate 391 south. Interstate 391 intersects Massachusetts 141 (Grattan Street) in one mile. Photo taken 06/28/05.


  1. Interstate 391 (Massachusetts) (Boston Roads).

Page Updated January 5, 2005.

Additional Info

State Massachusetts
Mileage 4.46
Cities Chicopee, Holyoke
Junctions I-91, I-90/ Massachusetts Turnpike
Source: December 31, 2016 Interstate Route Log and Finders List
I-391 Massachusetts Annual Average Daily Traffic

From: To: AADT Comp. Year
Exit 1 I-91 Exit 2 MA 116 52,200 1998
Exit 2 MA 116 Exit 3 MA 116 41,162 2002
Exit 3 MA 116 Exit 4 MA 141 31,700 2002
Exit 4 MA 141 Exit 5 Main St 31,600 2002
Source: Mass Highway Traffic Volume Counts (2002)
Exit information provided by the former I-391 @ web site