Interstate 680 Nebraska / Iowa
Interstate 680 forms a belt route encircling Omaha from the Prairie Lane neighborhood to the Missouri River at Wyman Heights. The route within Nebraska is mostly suburban, with development lining the freeway frontage from Interstate 80 north to 72nd Street (Exit 9). Suburban expansion of Omaha westward along Nebraska 64 (Maple Road), the West Dodge Expressway (U.S. 6) and Center Road (former Nebraska 38) adds traffic to Interstate 680 as a commuter route. The route changes cardinal directions from north-south banners between I-80 and 72nd Street to east/west banners for the remainder of the route east into Iowa.
The Iowa portion of the route consists of a rural and scenic freeway, including a nearly 10-mile overlap along Interstate 29. Crossing the Mormon Bridge over the Missouri River, the freeway traverses a flood plain east to the full cloverleaf interchange with I-29 and County Road G37 outside the city of Crescent.
Interstate 29 leads I-680 north parallel to the Missouri and Boyer Rivers to Loveland, where the bypass resumes an eastward heading across the Loess Hills. A vista point resides along this otherwise lightly traveled stretch taking I-680 back to Interstate 80 near Neola.
The Mormon Pioneer Memorial Bridge, a pair of cantilever bridges across the Missouri River at Florence Bend and north Omaha, carries Interstate 680 from Nebraska to Iowa. The original span opened to traffic on December 14, 1952,1 as it connected Nebraska 36 with Iowa 988. The 1,603-foot bridge carried two-way traffic across a 26 foot wide deck.2 The westbound bridge opened to traffic as a toll free route in 1975. Tolls remained in place along the eastbound span at a rate of 75 cents per passenger car until April 21, 1979. A ceremony was held that day to deed the bridge to the states of Iowa and Nebraska from the Douglas County Nebraska Bridge Commission.3
Originally, what is now Interstate 680 was planned in two parts: Interstate 280, the loop from Interstate 80 west of Omaha to I-29 north of Council Bluffs, and Interstate 80N, the independent section of I-680 east of Interstate 29 in Iowa. I-680 was initially proposed for the entire route, but AASHO changed it to I-80N on November 10, 1958.4 The I-280 designation was dropped by 1965 once it was realized that Iowa would have had two separate Interstates numbered 280: one here and the other at the Quad Cities (Moline/Bettendorf).
The concurrent section with I-29 was completed as Interstate 29 opened from 16th Street (Exit 56) north at Council Bluffs to U.S. 30 (Exit 75).5 A short stretch of I-680 opened from the temporary end of I-80 north to U.S. 6 (West Dodge Road) within Omaha in 1961.6 Interstate 80N opened from I-29 near Loveland to I-80 in conjunction with Interstate 80 east to U.S. 59 on December 13, 1966.5
As approved by AASHTO on November 10, 1973, Interstate 680 was extended north along Interstate 29 and then east along former Interstate 80N. This extended I-680 another 26 miles. The remainder of the route was completed on August 14, 1974 after a dedication ceremony preceded the opening of I-680 from Mormon Bridge Road (Exit 12) east to the Mormon Bridge.7
A ten-year, $325 million project to improve Interstate 80 across Omaha included a redesign of the three-wye interchange with Interstate 680 in Omaha. The upgrade included adding collector distributor roadways to serve local traffic on both freeways for West Center Road (Exit 1) to the north and U.S. 275 (Exit 445) to the southwest. The project started in spring 1994 as work neared completion on the interchange redesign between I-80, I-480 and U.S. 75 (Kennedy Freeway) to the east.8,9 Interchange work ran through December 199710,11 while construction to expand I-680 to six lanes from Pacific Street (Exit 2) to U.S. 6 (Exit 3) followed between 1998 and December 13, 1999, when the Pacific Street on-ramp to I-680 north opened.12
The full cloverleaf interchange (Exit 3) joining Interstate 680 with West Dodge Road (U.S. 6) was rebuilt during a five-year, $24 million project starting in July 2000. Exit 3 was redesigned to incorporate new directional ramps replacing loop ramps from I-680 north to U.S. 6 west and from U.S. 6 east to I-680 north. This work eventually ran in tandem with the ancillary project to build the West Dodge elevated expressway. The new ramp from I-680 to West Dodge Road opened to traffic on December 10, 2003.13 All work was completed at the West Dodge interchange by July 1, 2005.14
Two year widening of Interstate 680 was completed in November 2005 between West Maple Road (Nebraska 64) and Fort Street (Exit 5). Work expanded the freeway to six overall lanes.15
East End – Neola, IA
South End – Omaha, NE
Mileage – 42.86
Nebraska – 13.32
Cities – Omaha
- Junctions –
Iowa – 29.54*
Cities – none
- Junctions –
Source: December 31, 2017 Interstate Route Log and Finders List
* – 9.91 miles on I-29
I-680 Annual Average Daily Traffic (AADT)
|Location||Vehicles per day|
|I-80 to Exit 3||90,325|
|Exits 3 to 4||65,600|
|Exits 4 to 6||50,060|
|Exits 6 to 12||31,140|
|Exit 12 to Iowa line||16,500|
|Exit 1 to I-29||14,700|
|I-29 to Exit 28||5,600|
|Exit 28 to I-80||6,200|
Source: 2002 Traffic Flow Map of the State Highways (State of Nebraska)
Iowa Vehicular Traffic Map 2002 (IADOT)
The Rand McNally North American Road Atlas showed Interstate 280 on the Omaha inset until the 1967 edition.
The Neola Diagonal, I-80 northeast from I-29 to I-680, was the alignment advocated by Council Bluffs and Omaha officials during the early Interstate system development. Iowa officials pushed for the route west to Loveland and I-29 to benefit Sioux City.
Interstate 680 was open north to Nebraska 64 (Maple Street) by 1969 and under construction from there north to the new alignment of Nebraska 133 (Blair High Road).
The $100 million West Dodge Expressway project, which added express lanes for U.S. 6 above West Dodge Road from 120th Street to I-680, started in fall 2003. The westbound viaduct for U.S. 6 opened in July 2006, well ahead of the August 2007 scheduled completion. The eastbound elevated deck was ready for traffic in October 2006. All major work on the project was completed by mid July 2007.16
The 2007-2011 State Transportation Improvement Program for District Two called for expansion of 1.2 miles of I-680 from Fort Street north to Irvington Road to six overall lanes. This project joined a planned replacement of the Pacific Street bridge. The expansion project never went forward, but the $5.3 million project to replace the Pacific Street overpass across I-680 ran from May 2008 to August 22, 2008.17
Record flood levels along the Missouri River in 2011 submerged and irreparably damaged a 3.1 mile stretch of I-680 from the Missouri River to Interstate 29. An emergency repair project ensued in September 2011, with two contractors chosen with a winning bid of $19.2-million.18 The contractors beat the December 23rd deadline to have at least one lane of traffic in each direction open with the help of good weather and 14-hour workdays. The freeway reopened on November 2, 2011.19
East End – northeast of Council Bluffs, Iowa
South End – Omaha, Nebraska
- “Mormon Bridge Opens.” Eugine Register-Guard (Eugene, OR), December 14, 1952.
- Mormon Pioneer Memorial Bridge, Johnweeks.com.
- “President Kimball speaks at rites ending tolls on Mormon Bridge.” The Deseret News (Salt Lake City, UT), April 28, 1979.
- Stephen Summers’s Interstate system route numbering page.
- “Iowa Completion Status of Interstate System as of January 1, 1982.” Iowa Department of Transportation.
- Nebraska Highways: Interstate 680 (Chris Geelhart).
- “‘Mormon Trail Interstate’ Opens in Nebraska.” The Deseret News (Salt Lake City, UT), August 31, 1974.
- “Major Highway Interchange Nears Completion Interstate Engineer Hopes for No Repeat Of Wet ’93 Summer.” Omaha World-Herald (NE), January 2, 1994.
- “Kennedy – Interstate 80 – 480 Interchange Work.” Omaha World-Herald (NE), June 29, 1994.
- “Rebuilding of I-80: End Is in Sight Final Work Going to Bid Soon Interstate Construction.” Omaha World-Herald (NE), July 14, 1997.
- “New Lanes May Unclog Rush Hour.” Omaha World-Herald (NE), November 22, 1997.
- “Interstate Rebuilding Is 99% Complete.” Omaha World-Herald (NE), December 14, 1999.
- “Interstate 680 Iowa/Nebraska Additions and Edits.” personal email from John 2889 at MSN dot com, 12/10/03.
- “A smoother ride at I-680-West Dodge.” Omaha World-Herald (NE), June 11, 2005.
- “I-680 widening nears the finish line.” Omaha World-Herald (NE), October 11, 2005.
- “Project unties the traffic knot – Expressway’s major work done earlier than expected – Smooth flow for construction.” Omaha World-Herald (NE), July 20, 2007.
- “Bridge’s reopening will please businesses – The Pacific Street bridge over I-680, closed since May for road work, may reopen as early as Saturday.” Omaha World-Herald (NE), August 22, 2008.
- “Happy holidays for I-680 rebuilders? – Two contractors chosen for the job have until Dec. 23 to open the road, with big bonuses for getting done earlier.” Omaha World-Herald (NE), September 27, 2011.
- “Early reopening of I-680 ends flood-forced detours.” Omaha World-Herald (NE), November 3, 2011.
Page updated April 7, 2016.