Interstate 97 is the shortest two-digit Interstate in the 48 contiguous states. With only 17 miles, I-97 also lies wholly within Anne Arundel County. It generally serves as a commuter route between Baltimore and Annapolis.
Two freeways make up the alignment of Interstate 97: the Glen Burnie Bypass (former Maryland 3) to the north and the former eastern extent of Maryland 32 to the south. The north end includes a direct connection with Interstate 895 Spur to the Baltimore Harbor Tunnel.
Parallel U.S. Routes
Interstate 97 replaced portions of Maryland 3, which was the northernmost extent of U.S. 301 until 1960, when it was redirected to end at Glasgow, Delaware.
During the 1970s, Maryland proposed routes for both Interstate 68 and Interstate 97 in the Annapolis area. I-68 was planned for U.S. 50 between the Capital Beltway and a point west of Annapolis. I-97 was projected for a north-south route from the end of I-68 to the Baltimore Beltway. In addition, the U.S. 50 freeway east from I-68 and I-97 to the present end of I-595, was incorporated as Interstate 197. Interstate 297 was also introduced as the replacement for Maryland 3, from U.S. 50 and 301 north to Maryland 32. AASHTO approved I-97 north of U.S. 50 and I-297 on November 15, 1975. Conditional approval was granted to I-197 and to the I-68 segment as an extension of I-97.
Further changes from Maryland regarding Interstate 97 were submitted to AASHTO on October 3, 1981. Again Interstate 68 was proposed in place of I-97 for the U.S. 50 freeway between the Capital Beltway and the previously referenced point west of Annapolis. The I-197 spur east from there to Maryland 70 was then proposed as Interstate 168. These changes were approved AASHTO by subject to FHWA concurrence. Interstate 197 was never signed, Interstate 297 was never built, and by 1989, both proposed I-68 and 168 were instead renumbered as Interstate 595.
The Glen Burnie Bypass was constructed during the 1960s as a new alignment for Maryland 3. This resulted in the designation of Maryland 3 Business, which still runs east of I-97 along Crain Highway today. The freeway south from the Maryland 3 and 32 intersection to U.S. 50 & 301 opened to traffic in 19891
Construction for Interstate 97 between Dorrs Corner (Maryland 178) and New Cut Road (Exit 12) ran from 1988 to February 13, 1991. The $31-million project wrapped up with the opening of the new northbound lanes through the Millersville area.2
Portions of old Maryland 3 were converted into an east side frontage road (Veterans Highway) along the newly opened Interstate 97 in 1991.2 A traffic light on I-97 at Old Mill Road remained in operation along this stretch until July 2, 1991, as work to convert Veterans Highway to two-way traffic was delayed by six weeks.3
North End – Baltimore, MD
South End – Annapolis, MD
Branch Routes – 0
Mileage – 17.62
Cities – Annapolis, Baltimore
- Junctions –
Source: December 31, 2017 Interstate Route Log and Finders List
I-97 Annual Average Daily Traffic (AADT)
|Location||Vehicles per day|
|Exits 1 to 5||78,425|
|Exits 5 to 7||94,525|
|Exits 7 to 10||107,125|
|Exits 10 to 12||104,225|
|Exits 12 to 13||117,425|
|Exits 13 to 14||116,225|
|Exits 14 to 15||115,750|
|Exits 15 to 16||98,525|
|Exits 16 to 17||102,825|
Source: 2002 AADTS Report (Maryland Department of Transportation State Highway Administration – Highway Information Services Division)
The Annapolis Expressway (Maryland 10) was first proposed as the freeway route between Annapolis and Baltimore. Studied initially in 1956, MD 10 was to run southeast along side MD 2 to U.S. 50. Community opposition halted work on the expressway south of Pasadena in the late 1970s, leading to a cancellation of those sections. The remainder north from MD 2 to I-695 was finally completed on March 2, 1991.4
Interstate 97 was constructed as a stand alone freeway parallel to Maryland 178 southeast from Maryland 3 and 32 to U.S. 50 & 301. The remainder replaced Maryland 3 along both Crain Highway and the Glen Burnie Bypass.
North End – Baltimore, Maryland
South End – Annapolis, Maryland
- MDRoads: I-97.
- “New Segment Of I-97 Opens” The Capital (Annapolis), February 17, 1991.
- “State Pulls Out All The Stops On I-97” The Capital (Annapolis), July 6, 1991.
- “Baltimore Connector Opens.” The Capital (Annapolis), March 12, 1991.
Page updated June 11, 2015.